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How to Backup Entire PC to External Hard Drive on Windows? Best Solutions

Updated by Tracy King on Aug 29, 2022

System crashes or hardware damage often happen unexpectedly. Therefore, it's essential to backup the computer in advance. So, how to backup our computer to an external hard drive to avoid data loss? In the following passage, I'll introduce the importance of backing up and two ways to backup the entire PC to an external hard drive.

Part 1: Why do We Need to Backup Entire PC to External Hard Drive?

We need to backup the entire PC to protect our data. By backing up, we will get a copy of essential files. And when the system can't operate normally, we can recover the original system to ensure work continuity. So backup can avoid data loss caused by the following reasons:

  • System crash
  • Computer virus infection
  • Hard drive failure
  • Data deletion
  • System formatting
  • Manufactured mistakes

For data protection, there are various backup storage devices. For example, you can backup the system to another hard drive or the cloud. But using an external hard drive for backup is one of the most efficient ways because of the following features:

  • Economical: the price is usually affordable.
  • Convenient: it's easy to carry, and you can find important information anytime.
  • Storage: it's compatible with all types of files and can save space for the computer.  

As a result, it is vital to backup your computer to an external hard drive. So how to backup the computer to an external hard drive? Next, I will introduce backup methods to backup Windows 10 and you can choose the preferred one.

Part 2: How to Backup Entire PC to External Hard Drive?

After you know the importance of backing up and you also know where you want to save the backup. Then, it's time to find a proper method to operate the backup. Here, I will introduce two ways of backing up.

With Windows Built-in Backup Tool - Backup and Restore

As the most widely used operating system in the world, Windows has a built-in tool. And you can create a system image to restore the whole computer. The backup method that comes with the system is free and you can find the detailed steps on the internet.

Use Third-Party Backup Software- EaseUS Todo Backup

EaseUS Todo Backup is one of the most reliable backup software. It aims at rapid data backup and recovery. EaseUS Todo Backup can meet all your demands for backup. And it supports all kinds of Windows, such as Windows 11/10/8 and Windows Vista/XP

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Windows Backup and Restore VS EaseUS Todo Backup, Which is Better to Backup PC?

Here, I will compare the two ways of backing up the computer:

Comparison Windows Built-in Backup Tool EaseUS Todo Backup
Efficiency Slow, and longer backup time Quick, and shorter backup time
Security Inability to protect data from viruses Encrypt the backup images
Compatibility Unable to connect some drives Support all kinds of disks
Backup types Full backup and partial backup Full, incremental, or differential backups
Backup plan Both can set the backup plan and it will do it automatically.

And next, I'll introduce how to backup the entire PC to an external disk with these two methods step by step.Now, it's clear that Windows Backup and Restore does help to backup system and partial content on your PC. However, it's not an efficient solution as it takes a longer time to create a backup. Also, you can't backup the computer to an external hard drive with Windows Backup and Restore. Fortunately, you can trust EaseUS Todo Backup. EaseUS Todo Backup is an excellent choice for creating a comprehensive backup.

Part 3: Backup Entire PC to External Disk with EaseUS Todo Backup

As a professional backup software, it would not be difficult to operate. Before using EaseUS Todo Backup, you need download and install the software. And then, you can begin your computer backup:

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Step 1. To initiate a backup, click the Select backup contents option.

create file backup step1

Step 2. There are four data backup categories, File, Disk, OS, and Mail, click File.

create file backup step2

Step 3. On the left, both local and network files will be shown. You may extend the directory to pick the backup files.

File backup

Step 4. Follow the on-screen instructions and choose a location to store the backup.

File backup step4

Click Options to encrypt the backup with a password in Backup Options, then click Backup Scheme to specify the backup schedule and start the backup at a certain event. There are also other additional choices you may choose to tailor the backup process to your requirements.

Backup options

Step 5. The backup may be stored on a local disk, EaseUS' online service, or NAS.

file backup step4

Step 6. EaseUS Todo Backup enables customers to back up data to a third-party cloud drive as well as its own cloud drive.

If you want to back up data to a cloud drive provided by a third party, choose Local Drive, scroll down to add Cloud Device, and then add and log in to your account.

Backup to cloud
You can also choose the EaseUS cloud drive. Sign up for an EaseUS Account, then click EaseUS Cloud and log in.

backup to easeus cloud

Step 7. Click Backup Now to begin the backup process. The backup job will be presented as a card on the left side of the panel after it has been finished. Right-click the backup job to handle it further.

File backup step7

Tip
1. Remember to set the backup options before you back up your system. You can set the performance and backup splitting to do a more efficient computer backup. 
2. In EaseUS Todo Backup, you can set the backup scheme to do automatic backup to external hard drive.

Part 4: Backup Entire PC to External Disk with Backup and Restore

Backup and Restore allow you to backup a single file or the whole PC. Backup the entire PC means you can save all your operating systems, programs, and files to another device.

If you want to use the Windows method, you can follow the steps to backup your PC: 

Step 1: Connect the external drive to the computer and ensure it can be accessed properly. And then, you can begin to backup the whole PC to the external disk.

Step 2: Find the "Control Panel" on your computer, and click "System and Security" to backup the computer.

control-panel-system-and-security

Step 3: Select "Backup and Restore(Windows 7)".

open-windows-backup-and-restore

Step 4: On the left side, choose "Create a system image" to save all the computer systems to an external hard drive.

create-system-image

Step 5: In the pop-up window, choose where to save the backup and select the attached external hard drive in the "On a hard disk" list.

on-a-hard-disk

Step 6: Choose which drives to include in the backup.

which-drives-you-want-to-include-in-the-backup

 Step 7: Next, confirm backup settings: the backup locations and what will be backed up. And then, select "Start backup" to begin the backup process.

start-backup

 

Tip
1. Because the Windows Built-in Backup Tool usually takes a long time to proceed with the backup, it's better to backup the system image in your spare time.
2. A partial backup of your system can also be made with the Windows built-in tool: find "File history" on the "System and Security" window, and it will save the necessary files.

Conclusion:

We need to be aware of the importance of backup. And backup computer ahead of time to an external hard drive is one of the most efficient ways to protect your data. It is essential to perform regular backups. So knowing a simple and professional backup software can help us save time and money. Besides, EaseUS Todo Backup can also make a rapid system image recovery after backing up. If you want to know more about software, you can have a try.

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Part 5: How to Backup Entire PC to External Hard Drive on Windows FAQs

Depending on the needs, you have several types of backups to choose, such as full backup or partial backup. and there are some frequently asked questions about backup entire PC to external hard drive:

1. How long does it take to backup a computer to an external hard drive?

It depends on the size of your system. If you choose third-party software, such as EaseUS Todo Backup, it would be quicker than the Windows built-in tool.

2. What size external hard drive do I need to backup my pc?

There are many options you can choose to backup your PC. However, if you want to backup the entire PC successfully, you need to ensure disk space is sufficient to save all your Windows 10 or 11 systems.

3. What is a full system backup?

A full system backup is a complete backup of important data or files in your system. Although it takes a longer time to backup, it also means it's easy to recover complete data.

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Updated by Tracy King

Tracy joined in EaseUS in 2013 and has been working with EaseUS content team for over 7 years. Being enthusiastic in computing and technology, she writes tech how-to articles and share technical solutions about Windows & Mac data recovery, file/system backup and recovery, partition management and iOS/Android data recovery.

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Product Reviews

TrustScore 4.7 | 47 reviews
  • Taking everything into consideration, we can say that EaseUS Todo Backup Home can offer you a little extra sense of security with a set of advanced tools. The interface provides quick adaptation, every process guiding you all the way through so you don't get stuck or further damage your system rather than keeping it safe.

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  • EaseUS Todo Backup Free lets you create backups of your important files or your entire computer through its streamlined interface. Just choose the backup type you'd like to get started, and let the program do the reset.

    Read More
  • EaseUS includes all the features I expect from backup software like versioning, incremental backups, and scheduling. For more advanced users, EaseUS allows you to install a pre-boot environment onto your hard drive so you can use it to restore files without burning a CD or putting it on an external USB drive.

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