Linux Clone HDD to SSD Without Re-installing

Jean updated on Jul 28, 2020 to Disk/Partition Clone | How-to Articles

Will You Choose Disk Cloning Software or dd Command to Clone Linux Hard Drive?

"I have some normal x86_64 desktop Linux installed on a single 500GB HDD. Now I want to migrate this installation and everything on the HDD to a 500GB SSD actually? Do you have any suggestions?"

Linux operating system has never taken off, and there are still millions of Linux users thus far. However, compared with Windows users, applications for Linux are de-facto much less. For example, when a Linux user wants to do Linux clone hard drive to SSD, it's hard to find the compatible or exclusive Linux disk cloning software. In most times, experienced Linux users will suggest you clone Linux HDD to SSD or clone Linux hard drive to a smaller/larger Solid State Drive by using 'dd' command. 

What's 'dd' command in Linux? In simple words, 'dd' is a command-line utility for Unix and Unix-like operating systems whose primary purpose is to convert and copy files. On Unix, device drivers for hardware (such as hard disk drives) and special device files (such as /dev/zero and /dev/random) appear in the file system just like normal files. As long as you grasp each essential dd command concept and have a clear mind for the whole process, you can spend twenty steps more or less with Linux OS and programs migration from one drive to the other.

Here is an example of using dd command to clone a Linux hard drive:

# init 0
ok boot
# dd if=/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2 of=/dev/rdsk/c0t2d0s2 bs=128k
# fsck /dev/rdsk/c0t2d0s2
# mount /dev/dsk/c0t2d0s2 /mnt 
# cd /mnt/etc
# vi vfstab
(Modify entries for the new disk)
# cd /
# umount /mnt
# init 0
# boot disk2 -s
# sys-unconfig
# boot disk2

As you see, those commands for computer professionals may seem to be nothing. But for average users like us, can you understand what each line is for? Don't bother. 'dd' command is not the particular Linux disk cloning method. Though not Linux-based, EaseUS Disk Copy is Linux hard drive supported, and it is widely used to upgrade a Linux EXT hard drive on Windows operating system by worldwide customers. It can easily replace the dd command with an automatic way to clone Linux hard drive. It's easy, fast, and straightforward in transferring one hard drive content to the other, like several clicks.

EaseUS Disk Copy Is for Linux Clone Hard Drive to SSD

EaseUS Disk Copy is a prominent disk cloning utility based on Windows operating system, and it fully supports HDD to SSD cloning so you can achieve the purposes in the following.

easeus disk copy - clone linux hard drive to ssd

  • Easily copy operating from HDD to SSD without reinstalling.
  • Upgrade a Linux hard drive to a bigger one or from an old to a new one.
  • Replace a failing hard drive with a new functional one.
  • Thanks to the sector-by-sector function, you can copy the entire HDD to SSD to keep the two drives identical in use.

Undoubtedly, EaseUS Disk Copy should rank on the top choice if you're looking for a Linux HDD to SSD cloning method. On this page, you will learn the detailed guide to clone HDD to SSD, copy all the Linux installation to the new SSD step by step.

 

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How to Clone HDD to SSD for Linux with EaseUS Disk Copy

The Linux clone hard drive to SSD takes no more than four procedures:

  1. #1. The source hard drive cleanup (optional)
  2. #2. Connect the source hard drive and target SSD in desktop or laptop
  3. #3. Initialize SSD (optional)
  4. #4. Start Linux hard drive cloning with EaseUS Disk Copy

The hard drive cleanup is necessary to reduce the disk space consuming on the new SSD, because after cloning your SSD will surely keep identical with the old hard drive. By removing junk files and useless large files beforehand, you can keep the cloned drive clean. Next, you should use the proper connection way to connect both of your drives to a Windows computer. The desktop computer allows you to connect two hard drives by installing in the tower case or through a SATA-to-USB cable, while the laptop will only let you use the cable or external hard drive enclosure for connection. By the way, if your SSD is newly bought and not initialized at the moment, before heading to the disk cloning process, try to initialize the SSD so that your computer can recognize it with no problem.

At last, let's begin to do Linux clone hard drive to SSD:

Video Tutorial - HDD to SSD Clone

Step-by-Step Guide:

Step 1. Take out the hard drive from your Linux computer and connect it to the other Windows computer where EaseUS Disk Copy is installed, as well as the target SSD.

Step 2. On EaseUS Disk Copy, click Disk Mode and select the source Linux hard drive. Here, at the bottom-left corner, you must tick the box in front of Sector by sector copy, which lets you clone the Linux EXT hard drive to SSD in Windows with the same disk layout. Click Next to continue.

Select sorce disk to clone

Step 3. Select the destination SSD where you want to clone/copy the old disk and click Next to continue. Click OK to confirm if the program asks to erase data on the destination disk.

Select the destination disk - the new HDD/SSD to clone or copy disk

Step 4. Check and edit the disk layout as Autofit the disk, Copy as the source or Edit disk layout. Autofit the disk is recommended.

  • Copy as the source option will copy/clone the same layout of partitions on your source disk to the destination disk.
  • Edit disk layout allows you to resize or move partition layout on the destination disk manually.
  • If your destination disk is an SSD drive, do remember to tick Check the option if the target is SSD.

Click "Proceed" to start the Linux hard drive cloning process right away.

Clone or copy disk to the target disk.

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  • Clone an old disk to a new one
  • Clone a small disk to a large one
  • Clone HDD to SSD
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