EaseUS Partition Master

Easily manage your disk partitions with this trusted software.

  • Convert MBR to GPT for Windows 11.
  • Migrate Windows 11 to New SSD in 1-Click.
  • Extend C Across Disks, Fix Low Disk Space Error.
Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

Content

Total downloads

Page content

5 Best Ways to Check Hard Drive Health in Windows 11/10

Updated by Cici on Jan 06, 2023

The hard drive is the most important place to store data in your computer, and it cannot be replaced like other software or hardware. Its lifespan will continue to shorten during constant reading and writing.

So, it's crucial that you maintain a close eye on hard drive health in Windows 11 and Windows 10 to prevent any unforeseen crashes and the subsequent data loss they would cause. We have attempted to cover the precise methods to check hard drive health in this text. Let's start straight now.

Why Do We Need to Check Hard Drive Health

Calculating the lifespan of your hard drive is fairly difficult. Even if you install a brand-new HDD on your computer, it could fail only a few weeks after you start using it. However, occasionally it might go more than ten years without producing even a single buzz.

Given that you cannot predict how long your hard disk will last, it is critical to remain alert for any indications of trouble. The following are some signs you should be careful of to check hard drive health and avoid corrupted hard drives:

Physical Hard Drive Failure Symptoms:

  • Overheating
  • Sharp screeching or clicking sounds
  • Slow boot or slow processes

Logical Hard Drive Failure Symptom:

  • Blue screen of death appears
  • Frequent system crashes
  • Files/folders disappearing
  • Operating system is unable to boot
  • Longer file load times in File Explorer

You can avoid data loss and hassle if you can identify the problem with your HDD before it happens. If you believe your hardware is nearing the end of its useful life, you can also prepare by purchasing a new storage drive. Next, we will introduce several ways to check hard drive health in Windows 11 and 10. Continue to read.

How to Check Hard Drive Health

We divide this section into two parts:

How to Check Hard Drive Health Physically

How to Check Hard Drive Health Logically

There are different ways to check for physical and logical hard drive damage. Let's look at how to check hard drive health physically or logically.

How to Check Hard Drive Health Physically

It is the fastest and simplest way to check hard drive health. You should safely open your computer case and follow the steps to check its health status:

Step 1. Check connections: Ensure that the cables are securely linked and connected correctly.

Step 2. Clear dust and debris: The dust from the case and hard drive should be safely blown away with a can of pressurized air. 

Step 3. Look for physical damage: Check the possible exterior damage and listen for weird noises.

Check hard drive physically

If your hard drive is physically damaged, you may need to replace it with a new one. If your hard drive is not physically damaged, you can perform a logical check by following the methods in the next section.

How to Check Hard Drive Health Logically

In this part, we offer five solutions to check hard drive health in Windows 11 and Windows 10: 

  1. Way 1. Check Hard Drive Health via EaseUS Partition Master
  2. Way 2. Check Hard Drive Health via Defrag and Optimize 
  3. Way 3. Check Hard Drive Health via CMD
  4. Way 4. Check Hard Drive Health via CHKDSK
  5. Way 5. Check Hard Drive Health via HDD Manufacturer's Tools

Each of these methods is a reliable way to check hard drive health. The first way is to use a professional third-party tool to help us perform disk-related tasks faster and easier. Let's look at the detailed guide for each method next.

Way 1. Check Hard Drive Health via EaseUS Partition Master

EaseUS Partition Master is an all-in-one disk partitioning software for all Windows systems. It offers the "Disk Health" feature to check different properties of the hard drive, such as free space, health, temperature, performance, etc.

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

This tool simplifies the process of Windows built-in tools so that even a computer novice can master computer skills like a technical expert. Check out the steps below to check the health of your disk.

Step 1. Launch EaseUS Partition Master and click the blue arrow to activate the "Disk Health" feature under the "Discovery" section.

click the bule arrow

Step 2. Select the target disk and click the "Refresh" button. Then, you can see the health condition of your disk.

choose the target disk

In addition, the tool can perform a disk surface test to check for corrupted file systems or bad sectors and repair them.

Way 2. Check Hard Drive Health via Defrag and Optimize

The disk defragmenter provided by Windows can detect the fragmentation level on your hard disk and help reorganize fragmented data. Using this tool will enhance disk health and improve overall computer performance. To complete defragmentation, follow these steps:

Step 1. Click on the search box, type "defrag," and select "Defragment and Optimize Driver."

open defrag

Step 2. Select your hard drive and click "Optimize" to start the defragmentation.

select optimize

Notice:
If you are using an SSD, defragmentation is not necessary. Otherwise, it may cause wear and tear on the hardware and shorten its life.

Way 3. Check Hard Drive Health via CMD

Windows provides command line tools to check hard drive health and provide simple conclusions such as "OK," "Pred Fail," etc. Performing a hard disk health check can be done quickly using WMIC (Windows Management Instrumentation): 

Step 1. Click Windows + R to open the Run window and type cmd.

Step 2. Type "wmic" and press Enter.

Step 3. Type "wmic diskdrive get status," and press Enter to view the disk health status.

Check hard drive health cmd

If you receive "OK," the drive is in good condition. If you receive "bad," "unknown," or "caution," the disk drive is faulty, and you should use EaseUS Partition Master to repair it.

Way 4. Check Hard Drive Health via CHKDSK

CHKDSK is an abbreviation for check disk. This command is another method provided by Windows to check the operational status of the disk. This tool checks the integrity of the file system and fixes its logical errors.

Step 1. Open a Run window and type cmd.

Step 2. Type "CHKDSK" in the Command Prompt window and Enter. It will run a basic scan.

run chkdsk

Tip
If you want to repair errors on your hard drive, use the chekdsk/f/r command.

Way 5. Check Hard Drive Health via HDD Manufacturer's Tools

Most hard drive manufacturers offer free tools to check the health and performance of hard drives, such as Western Digital, Samsung, and Seagate all offer diagnostic tools. If you do not know the manufacturer of your hard drive, you can check it in Device Manager:

Step 1. Right-click on the Windows icon and select "Device Manager."

open device manager

Step 2. Click on "Disk Drives" to view the list of storage devices.

device drives

Step 3. Copy the drive model number to Google search to see the manufacturer's name.

Step 4. Download and install the manufacturer's tool to analyze the drive's status.

Download page for some well-known hard drive brands:

Conclusion

Hard drives are necessary storage devices that may cause more damage if not checked in time. This article helps you analyze when you should perform a disk check. For example, when you encounter strange noises, when your hard drive starts to heat up, or when you receive frequent error messages, it is time for you to track the hard drive's health actively.

This article provides five effective ways to check hard drive health on Windows 11/10. One of them, EaseUS Partition Master, is the easiest. As a powerful tool related to disk partition, Not only does it check hard drive health, but it also provides the ability to repair corrupted file systems and bad sectors if they exist.

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

FAQs Of Checking Hard Drive Health

Let's take a look at some other frequently asked questions related to checking the health of your hard drive: 

1. How do you check if an HDD is dying?

If any of these signs are present, your HDD is having problems, and its life may be affected:

  • The hard drive is constantly noisy and hot
  • Slow boot and processing speeds
  • Many bad sectors on the hard drive
  • Data is lost, and files cannot be opened
  • Frequent blue or black screens on your computer

2. What is the best program to check HDD health?

EaseUS Partition Master is one of the best tools to check HDD health. It can also repair bad sectors and corrupted file systems. Alternatively, you can use the command line tool that comes with Windows, CHKDSK also provides very powerful functions, but you need to avoid parameter errors when entering commands.

3. How can I test the health of my hard drive?

You can either download EaseUS Partition Master and test the health of your hard drive or use the command line tool with Windows.

Step 1. Hold down Windows + R to open the Run window and type cmd.

Step 2. Type CHKDSK and press Enter.

How Can We Help You

About the Author

Updated by Cici

Cici has accepted the systematic training on computers at EaseUS. Now she has a detailed understanding of common computer issues, as well as computer backups and disk formatting management solutions.

Read full bio

Product Reviews

Product Reviews

TrustScore 4.7 | 49 reviews
  • I love that the changes you make with EaseUS Partition Master Free aren't immediately applied to the disks. It makes it way easier to play out what will happen after you've made all the changes. I also think the overall look and feel of EaseUS Partition Master Free makes whatever you're doing with your computer's partitions easy.

    Read More
  • Partition Master Free can Resize, Move, Merge, Migrate, and Copy disks or partitions; convert to local, change label, defragment, check and explore partition; and much more. A premium upgrade adds free tech support and the ability to resize dynamic volumes.

    Read More
  • It won't hot image your drives or align them, but since it's coupled with a partition manager, it allows you do perform many tasks at once, instead of just cloning drives. You can move partitions around, resize them, defragment, and more, along with the other tools you'd expect from a cloning tool.

    Read More

Get EaseUS Partition Master

Your best companion for disk partitioning, MBR to GPT/GPT to MBR conversion,even OS migration

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure