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How to Check If Disk Is Healthy on Windows [Step-by-Step Guide]

Updated by Daisy on Feb 22, 2023
Written by Sherly

Workable Solutions Step-by-step Troubleshooting
Way 1. Check Disk Health via EaseUS Partition Master Step 1: Open EaseUS Partition Master on your PC...Full steps
Way 2. Check Disk Health via CMD Step 1: Press the Windows + R keys to open the Run...Full steps
Way 3. Check Disk Health via CHKDSK Command Step 1: Press the Windows icon and type cmd...Full steps
Way 4. Check Disk Health via Defrag and Optimize Drives Step 1: Press Windows key and type disk defrag...Full steps
Way 5. Check Disk Health via BIOS Step 1: Restart your computer and press any function key from F2...Full steps

The hard disk is the heart of your computer, where it stores everything. You can easily replace other hardware in your system. However, before replacing the computer's disk, you will need to back up the data to another disk to protect it. Hence, it becomes necessary to regularly check the health of the hard disk to ensure its long life. 

There are several ways to check that a disk is healthy, including built-in features of Windows and third-party software. This guide walks you through how to inspect and troubleshoot your hard drive for the most common problems you may encounter with your PC. We will explain five effective ways how to check if disk is healthy. You are free to choose as per your preference.

How to Check If Disk Is Healthy on Windows - 5 Ways

In this section, we'll go through five practical ways to check your hard disk's health status if you think your hard drive is giving poor health signs or is near the end of its lifespan. Let's begin:

Way 1. Check Disk Health via EaseUS Partition Master

Way 2. Check Disk Health via CMD (WMIC Command)

Way 3. Check Disk Health via CHKDSK Command

Way 4. Check Disk Health via Defrag and Optimize Drives

Way 5. Check Disk Health via BIOS

Now, let's begin with the first way. It is also the easiest one.

Way 1. Check Disk Health via EaseUS Partition Master

This tool is listed at the top as it is the effortless yet effective way to check Disk's health. EaseUS Partition Master provides additional details instead of just simple disk status. It is an easy-to-use and light-weighted tool, including the most advanced disk health feature to deliver accurate information. It facilitates users to track health status, spin-up time, read/write speed, temperature, and many more. 

Download EaseUS Partition Master, and follow the given steps to check disk health.

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Step 1. Launch EaseUS Partition Master and click the blue arrow to activate the "Disk Health" feature under the "Discovery" section.

click the bule arrow

Step 2. Select the target disk and click the "Refresh" button. Then, you can see the health condition of your disk.

choose the target disk

Using this tool, you can efficiently check disk and manage your disk partitions.

Way 2. Check Disk Health via CMD (WMIC Command)

WMIC refers to Windows Management Instrumentation Command, which is another effective method with a command-line interface. This built-in feature of Windows enables you to run several operations, including checking the health of your hard disk. 

It utilizes the Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (S.M.A.R.T.) feature to analyze the health of the hard disk. After the process completes, it provides easy results, such as OK, Pred Fail, etc. Follow the given steps to check the hard disk with WMIC:

Step 1: Press the Windows + R keys to open the Run dialog box.

Step 2: Type cmd and Hit Enter to open the Windows Command Prompt.

Step 3: In the command prompt, type the following command and hit Enter.


Step 4: It will create a WMI interface. Now, type or paste the following command and press Enter.

diskdrive get status

diskdrive get status

After the process is finished, you will see the status of your hard disk. In the event that the health status shows Pred Fail, there might be a problem with your hard disk, and you need to back up your data to a USB or another external drive and get technical support as soon as possible.

Way 3. Check Disk Health via CHKDSK Command

The CHKDSK command is an in-built Windows tool to scan and fix hard disk errors. This tool also helps users to check the health of the hard disk. It ensures the file system's integrity and facilitates users to fix bad sectors and possible errors. Follow the given steps to check disk health through the CHKDSK command. 

Step 1: Press the Windows icon and type cmd.

Step 2: Click Run as administrator under Command Prompt. 

Step 3: Now, in the displayed window, type chkdsk and press Enter. It begins with a basic scan.

type chkdsk

Step 4: If the basic scan cannot find the error, you will need to try the chkdsk /f command to attempt to fix any errors.

It will take a longer time than a regular chkdsk command, so wait patiently.

You can also use the chkdsk /f /r command to repair bad sectors of the disk and recover any readable data.

Way 4. Check Disk Health via Defrag and Optimize Drives

Use the defrag and optimize drives build-in feature to give a quick health check on your Windows PC.

Step 1: Press Windows key and type disk defrag

Step 2: Select the Defragment and Optimize Drives option from the results.

Step 3: Choose your hard disk and click Optimize. It will run a scan for fragmented files and optimize the disk health.

optimize drives

Way 5. Check Disk Health via BIOS

Using the Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) settings is another way to check the Disk health. To do so, go through the following steps:

Step 1: Restart your computer and press any function key from F2 to F12, depending on the accessibility of your system. Different computers/laptops have different keys to access BIOS. 

You can search the Internet using the model number or name to find out which key to press to access the BIOS.

Step 2: Search for your hard drive maker + boot option to find your menu key. 

Step 3: To check the health of your HDD, enter your boot menu and select Diagnostic. 

Step 4: Go to Settings > Advanced > NVME self-test if you're using MSI.

check disk health in bios

All the methods listed for checking disk health are effective, but you may feel disconnected from the time-consuming process of Windows' built-in utilities. Therefore, we recommend using EaseUS Partition Master, the first mentioned method, to get in-depth and accurate health details of your computer disks.


This article introduced five ways to check a hard disk's health. The first and easiest method is using EaseUS Partition Master, which provides you with a detailed health status and fixes the errors on your disk partition. In addition, always ensure to keep a backup to avoid unexpected if you notice any signs of your hard disk failure. Please feel free to share your experience, and let us know in the comment section which method best suits your needs.

You may also like:

How to Check If Disk Is Healthy FAQs

This part may help if you have further questions related to checking disk health. Now, read more and check the answers below:

1. How do you know if your disk is bad?

Here is the list of different signs to understand if your hard disk is in a bad health situation:

  • Stuck spindle motor
  • Unexpected slowdowns
  • Frequent error messages
  • The system crashes repeatedly
  • Strange sounds or overheating
  • Corrupted data, files, and folders

2. How can I make my disk healthy?

Computer disks can last for a long time if used and maintained correctly. For example, it needs appropriate airflow to prevent overheating. Furthermore, you should clean the system regularly to keep its performance stable.

3. How to check hard disk health in CMD?

You can check hard disk health via CMD, and you can also check SSD health on Windows 10 via cmd. Here are the steps:

Step 1: Press Windows + R keys, type cmd, and press Enter.

Step 2: In the command prompt, type chkdsk and press Enter. Wait until the scanning process is over.

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About the Author

Updated by Daisy

Daisy is the Senior editor of the writing team for EaseUS. She has been working in EaseUS for over ten years, starting from a technical writer to a team leader of the content group. As a professional author for over 10 years, she writes a lot to help people overcome their tech troubles.

Read full bio

Written by Sherly

Sherly joined EaseUS in 2022 and she has always loved writing articles and enjoys the fun they bring. She receives professional training here, focusing on product performance and other relative knowledge.

Read full bio

Product Reviews

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  • I love that the changes you make with EaseUS Partition Master Free aren't immediately applied to the disks. It makes it way easier to play out what will happen after you've made all the changes. I also think the overall look and feel of EaseUS Partition Master Free makes whatever you're doing with your computer's partitions easy.

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  • Partition Master Free can Resize, Move, Merge, Migrate, and Copy disks or partitions; convert to local, change label, defragment, check and explore partition; and much more. A premium upgrade adds free tech support and the ability to resize dynamic volumes.

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  • It won't hot image your drives or align them, but since it's coupled with a partition manager, it allows you do perform many tasks at once, instead of just cloning drives. You can move partitions around, resize them, defragment, and more, along with the other tools you'd expect from a cloning tool.

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