Server Migration: Everything You Need to Know | 2024 Complete Guide

Are you looking for a complete guide that helps to migrate Server data between Windows Server computers? This page covers everything you need to know about Server Migration and provides you with a step-by-step guide to successfully migrate Server data.

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Applies to: Migrate Server content in Windows Server 2022/2019/2016/2012/2012 r2/2008/2008 r2/2003, etc.

This page covers everything you need to know about Server Migration and shows you the complete transfer procedure between Server computers.

What Is Server Migration

Server Migration is the process of applying a tool or advanced Server transferring software to migrate data, transfer software, and even user data from one Server to another Server. 

So when and why do you need to perform Server Migration? Here is a list of all possible reasons:

  • Server computer gets old and slow.
  • There is not sufficient space for the Server to store data and applications.
  • Server is too old, and you need to upgrade Server data to a new one.
  • Protect company data from Server crashes or outdated Server machines.
  • Speed up Server computer, optimize company website loading performance.

To get rid of this issue, one efficient way is to free up disk space in Windows Server. However, this only temporarily fixes these issues. A forever solution to these problems is to apply Server Migration. This guide provides a full-featured data migration tool: EaseUS Todo PCTrans.

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What Are the Windows Server Migration Tools

So, what tools can you apply for Server Migration? Alongside Windows Server Migration Tools built-in Server Manager, there are many tools and methods that Server managers can apply for data, files, and even application migration between two Windows Server computers.

Here is a list of tools that you can apply to transfer data from on Window Server to another

So when to use the above 4 Server Migration tools and how to use them? First, check the tutorial guide below, and you'll transfer files and content from Server to Server successfully.

How to Perform Server Migration and Migrate Files/Data, Apps 

To help you fully understand and learn how to use the recommended methods for transferring files, we have decided to offer you a complete guide and list of methods from easy to complex.

Follow and get the most suitable tool for Server Migration now:

#1. Transfer Files, Apps, User Accounts, and settings to the New Server via Server Migration Software

  • Device: Two Server computers, network connection in the same LAN
  • Tools: Server Migration Software - EaseUS Todo PCTrans Technician
  • Transfer Content: Files, folders, applications, Server users' accounts, and settings.

EaseUS Todo PCTrans Technician is reliable and trustworthy in assisting Server users in migrating almost everything to a new Server computer. You can download, install, and apply this tool to see how to own old Server data to a new computer with only a few simple clicks.

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#1. Transfer Data to New Server

Step 1. Open EaseUS Todo PCTrans on both of your server computers. Choose "PC to PC" to go to the next step.

Transfer files from one server to another - step 1

Step 2. Choose the transfer direction  - New PC or Old PC.

"New" - Transfer files from old Server to current new Server.

"Old" - Transfer files from current old Server to a new Server.

transfer direction

Step 3. Connect the current PC to the target PC by entering the target computer's account password or its verification code. You can turn on the "Connection Verification"on the right top of the "PC to PC" mainscreen on the target computer. 

Transfer files from one server to another - step 2

Step 4. Click "Files" > "Transfer" to check all the files you want to transfer to another Server computer. Then click "Transfer" to migrate specific data you have chosen.

Transfer files from one server to another - step 3

Step 5. Wait for the process finishes. PCTrans will transfer files at a fast speed. It won't take too long.

Transfer files from one server to another - step 4

#2. Migrate Apps and Software to Another Server

Step 1. Run EaseUS Todo PCTrans on both PCs

Download EaseUS Todo PCTrans and you will be in the PC to PC interface.

Step 2. Choose transfer direction - Old or New Computer

"This is New PC" - Transfer all data from remote old computer to current new computer.

"This is Old PC" - Transfer all data from current old device to a new computer.

choose transfer direction

Step 3. Connect two computers

1. Select your target PC to connect via its IP address or device name and click "Connect".

2. Enter the login password of your target PC and click "OK" to confirm.

If you didn't see the target PC in the listed devices, you can also click "Add PC" to manually connect the target PC by inputting its IP address or device name.

connect two PCs

Step 4. Select apps, programs, and software and transfer to the target computer

1. You can select and choose what you want to transfer from the current computer to the target PC.

2. After selecting desired applications and programs, click "Transfer" to start the transferring process.

select apps to transfer from PC to PC

You May Also Feel Like to Learn:

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How to Transfer User Account to a New PC

This tutorial article provides you with a step-by-step guide to transfer a User Account with the password to a new computer in Windows 10/8/7 with a few simple clicks.

image of EaseUS Todo PCTrans

#2. Migrate Data Between Servers via External Storage Devices

  • Device: A big USB or external hard drive with sufficient free space, two Server computers
  • Tools: Windows Copy & Paste
  • Transfer Content: Files and folders stored on Server computers, Database content, etc.

How to Transfer:

Step 1. Connect the USB or external hard drive to the source Server.

Step 2. Copy and paste files and folders that you need to migrate to a new Server into the external storage device.

Step 3. Disconnect the external storage drive. Once done, connect it to the new Server.

Step 4. Copy and paste files and folders to the new Server's target location.

Transfer data via USB or external hard drive

#3. Transfer Server Content to a New One Using Cloud Drive

  • Device: Two Server computers, cloud drive account
  • Tools: OneDrive, Dropbox, Google Drive, pCloud, etc.
  • Transfer Content: Files, folders, and desktop content in the Server computer.

Image of cloud drive

How to Transfer Server Files:

Step 1. Launch the cloud drive app on the Server computer or open the cloud website via browser.

Step 2. Log in with your cloud drive account and password.

Step 3. Click "Add" or "Upload" to select files or documents on the computer to upload.

Step 4. Once done, launch the Cloud Drive app on the new Server computer, log in, and select files to download to the new Server.

#4. Export Server Data and Import to a New Server via Windows Server Migration Tools 

  • Device: Two Server computers, an external USB drive with sufficient free space
  • Tools: Windows Server Migration Tools
  • Transfer Content: Files, folders, and desktop content in the Server computer.

Windows Server Migration Tools is a built-in tool that Microsoft added to Windows Server Manager and advanced Server experts would apply this tool for file migration between Servers.

How to Use Windows Server Migration Tools for Server File Transferring:

Step 1. Enable Windows Server Migration Tools in Server Manager:

Type and search Server Manager, click to open it > Click "Manage" > "Add Roles and Features".

Open Windows Server Migration Tool

Check "Windows Server Migration Tools" and click "Next" > Click "Install" to continue.

Install Migration tool

Step 2. Create a deployment folder on the target server computer:

Open "PowerShell", type the following command lines, and enter each time.

  • cd %Windir%\System32\ServerMigrationTools\ 
  • SmigDeploy.exe /package /architecture X64 /os WS08 /path

Create Deployment folder

Step 3. Register Windows Server Migration Tools on the source Server computer:

  • Copy the deployment folder to a local drive of the source computer. 
  • Open Command Prompt, type .\Smigdeploy.exe, and hit Enter.

Deploy server data

Step 4. Migrate Server Data from Server to Server

  • Open Windows Server Manager on the source Server, and click to open Windows Server Migration Tools.
  • Open PowerShell and type Export-SmigServerSetting -User All -Group –Path C:SysAdminExportMigUsersGroups –Verbose, then hit Enter. 

Export server data

This will help to export files from the source Server computer.

  • On the target Server computer, open Server Migration Tools by launching Server Manager > Tools > Windows Server > Migration Tools.
  • Open Powershell and type Import-SmigServerSetting–UserEnabled–Group-PathC:SysAdminExportMigUsersGroups -Verbose, hit Enter.

This command will import the exported Server data to the new Server computer.

All you need is to wait for the process to complete. 

How Long Does Server Migration Take

According to experienced Windows Server experts, server Migration's duration varies depending on many factors. Here is a list of most factors that may affect the speed of Server data migration:

  • Data amount
  • Network speed
  • File type - files and pictures are faster than videos, audio
  • USB port type of external storage drives, USB 4.0 and USB 3.0, are much faster than USB 2.0
  • Free space on the target drive: the more free space left, the faster server migration speed will be.
  • The file transfer speed of Cloud drives may be different.

Suppose all the factors stay the same, so how long would it be for each Server Migration Tool to transfer files, apps, etc., to a new Server computer? 

Here is a comparison table that lists the transition speed of the above four recommended methods, and it helps you to figure out which is the fastest for Server data migration:

Tools for Server Migration Speed for File Transfer Transfer Duration for 1TB of Data
Windows Copy/Paste
  • Windows 11: 900 - 3200MB/s
  • Windows 10: 0-50MB/s
  • Windows 7: 200MB/s
  • Windows 11: 15-19 munites
  • Windows 10: 5.8 hours
  • Windows 7: 1.5 hours
Cloud Drive
  • Upload: 22.5MB/s
  • Download: 20MB/s
  • Upload: 12.9 hours
  • Download: 14.6 hours
Windows Server Migration Tools 100MB/s  2.9 hours
EaseUS Server Migration Software / /
 EaseUS Server Migration Software - PC Transfer is software that connects two computers via a network. The transfer speed is highly affected by the hard drive's network stability, file amount, and read/write speed. So, the transferring speed may vary on different computers with this Server migration software.

If you need an online guide or want to know what EaseUS Server migration software - Todo PCTrans Technician can do for you, click the chat button to reach our support team for help:

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Batch computer program transfer, Windows account transfer, domain account transfer, virtual-physical machine transfer, local to cloud desktop transfer.

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Server Migration Is Easy, and You Can Be an Expert with the Right Solution

This page explained what Server Migration is and listed four normal Server Migration tools for any level of Serve users to apply for transferring data from Server to Server.

  • For the easiest method, don't miss Windows Copy and Paste via an external storage device.
  • For a comprehensive solution to migrate everything to a new Server computer, you can always rely on EaseUS Todo PCTrans Technician.

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  • For experienced Server users, Windows Server Migration Tools is economical for Server file migration. 

About the Author

Updated by Cici

Cici is the junior editor of the writing team of EaseUS. She accepted the systematic training on computers at EaseUS for over one year. Now, she wrote a lot of professional articles to help people resolve the issues of hard drive corruption, computer boot errors, and disk partition problems.

Read full bio

Written by Tracy King

Tracy became a member of the EaseUS content team in 2013. Being a technical writer for over 10 years, she is enthusiastic about sharing tips to assist readers in resolving complex issues in disk management, file transfer, PC & Mac performance optimization, etc., like an expert.

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Reviews and Awards

Product Reviews

TrustScore 4.7 | 34 reviews
  • EaseUS Todo PCTrans Free is a useful and and reliable software solution created to serve in computer migration operations, be it from one machine to another or from an earlier version of your OS to a newer one.

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  • EaseUS Todo PCTrans is by the folks at EaseUS who make incredible tools that let you manage your backups and recover your dead hard disks. While it is not an official tool, EaseUS has a reputation for being very good with their software and code.

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  • It offers the ability to move your entire user account from your old computer, meaning everything is quickly migrated. You still get to keep your Windows installation (and the relevant drivers for your new PC), but you also get all your apps, settings, preferences, images, documents and other important data.

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Server Migration: Everything You Need to Know | 2024 Complete Guide

Try smart Windows 11 data transfer tool to move all data in 1 click.

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