How to Repair Windows 11 UEFI Bootloader [Full Guide]
UEFI or Unified Extensible Firmware Interface is an extension of firmware that can read from entries from disk partitions and boot Windows, i.e., an interface between the operating system (OS) and the platform firmware. Windows UEFI boot loader is responsible for loading the Windows OS and initializing other devices on the laptop. If the UEFI boot loader gets corrupted or damaged, you will not be able to boot into Windows unless restored.
To fix this problem, all one needs to point to the EFI boot file and copy it to the EFI/ Microsoft/Boot directory. This post looks at various methods that can fix the issue.
For those who are not aware of and running an old PC, UEFI is the modern form of BIOS. It offers more security and features.
Use Diskpart to Fix UEFI Boot Error in Windows 11
As you cannot boot into Windows, the only way to fix the problem is using Advanced Recovery. You will need a bootable USB drive which you can create on another Windows PC. You can download the Windows Media Creation Tool and use it. Once done, make sure to set the first boot device as a USB drive in your UEFI or BIOS.
Boot into Recovery
Once you boot from the USB drive, it will look like a regular Windows installation. You need to click on the Repair PC option available at the bottom left of the install screen. It will take you the Advanced Recovery. Navigate to Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > Command Prompt
Locate EFI Partition
In the command prompt, type the following commands.
- select disk 0
- list vol
Usually, the EFI partition is available in the first disk, hence the Select Disk 0 command, followed by a list of partitions or volume in the list vol command.
It will display the list of partitions include those which are hidden in the File Explorer. Locate the volume which has EFI labeled on it.
Assign Drive Letter to EFI Partition
The EFI partition is hidden because it doesn't have a drive letter. Further, if you need to perform any operation, a drive letter needs to be assigned. Execute the following to do so.
Assign Drive letter to EFI Partition Select an Image
- select vol
- assign letter
First, select the volume or partition. In this case, the EFI partition or volume number is 2. Next, assign a drive letter that is not already assigned. The best is to choose a random alphabet such as Q or R or anything not on the list.
Type exit, and press the Enter key to close Diskpart tool, and return to Command Prompt.
Fix Boot Record
The next step is to go to the EFI partition and fix the boot record with the help of these commands.
- cd /d
- bootrec /FixBoot
- ren BCD BCD.bak
- bcdboot C:\Windows /l en-us /s x: /f ALL
- bootrec /rebuildbcd
Now that we have replaced the corrupted BCD file with a new one using the BCDBoot command and then rebuilt it using the bootrec command, everything is in place.
All you need to do now is restart the computer, remove the USB, and let Windows boot normally.
Repair the computer with Windows install disk/USB
The Windows Advanced Recovery mode offers an automatic repair option that can also fix problems like this.
Create Bootable Media
You can download the Windows Media Creation Tool and use it to create a bootable USB drive. This contains a set of tools that can help you recover PC in case of crashes. Next, plug in the device, and boot your computer using the USB.
Advanced Recovery—Automatic Repair
When the computer boots using the USB, it will look like a Windows installation. When it appears, choose to Repair the PC to boot into Advanced Recovery.
Click on Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > Automatic Repair. It should be able to fix the corrupted EFI Bootloader issue.
How to Change Boot Mode to UEFI for Windows 11
It is possible that you have a UEFI-supported motherboard, but you are still running on Legacy BIOS mode. Windows 11 will not run on older firmware and needs UEFI. That said, it is rather easy to change the boot mode to UEFI.
Step 1: Open Settings (Win + I), and navigate to Options > Update and Security > Recovery >Advaned Startup. Click on Restart button.
Step 2: Once you are in Advanced Recovery, click on Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > UEFI Firmware settings.
Step 3: Click on the Restart button, and it will take you to the UEFI settings of your motherboard. Make sure to enable recommended settings, and then restart the computer.
Convert from MBR to GPT with EaseUS Partition Master
When using Windows 11, you need to make sure you have GPT based partition instead of an MBR. When upgrading, you will be warned about it. However, the biggest disadvantage of converting using the built-in tool is that it formats all the data. That is where you need to use third-party software.
EaseUS Partition Master is professional software that helps you manage all operations related to Disk management. It can also help you convert an MBR partition to GPT without data loss. Here are the steps:
Step 1. Prepare a disc or drive, like a USB drive, flash drive, or a CD/DVD disc. Correctly connect the drive to a bootable computer. Then, launch EaseUS Partition Master, find the "WinPE Creator" feature and click on it.
Step 2. Choose USB or CD/DVD according to the device you connect to the computer, then click "Proceed".
Step 3. Connect the WinPE bootable disk to the computer. Restart your computer and press F2/Del at the same time to enter BIOS. Set to boot the PC from "Removable Devices" (bootable USB disk) or "CD-ROM Drive" (bootable CD/DVD) beyond Hard Drive. Press "F10" to save and exit.
Step 4. Launch EaseUS Partition Master again. Right-click the MBR disk that you want to convert and select "Convert to GPT". Then, you will add a pending operation.
Step 5. Click the "Execute Operation" button at the top-left. Next, click "Apply" and begin to convert the MBR disk to GPT.
Windows 11 requirement is way different from its predecessors. You may have a PC that you bought recently, and supports UEFI and GPT but do not how to enable and convert without data loss. Using professional software such as EaseUS Partition Master, you can do it in few clicks. However, always make sure you take backup.
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Daisy is the Senior editor of the writing team for EaseUS. She has been working in EaseUS for over ten years, starting from a technical writer to a team leader of the content group. As a professional author for over 10 years, she writes a lot to help people overcome their tech troubles.
Tracy joined in EaseUS in 2013 and has been working with EaseUS content team for over 7 years. Being enthusiastic in computing and technology, she writes tech how-to articles and share technical solutions about Windows & Mac data recovery, file/system backup and recovery, partition management and iOS/Android data recovery.
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