There are three simple and useful ways to fix Windows has detected file system corruption on local disk C. The following table shows an outline of the solutions. Read in-depth to check the details. 

Workable Solutions Step-by-step Troubleshooting
Fix 1. Check the disk for errors When Windows has detected file system corruption error occurs, you can try to check the disk for errors...Full steps
Fix 2. Run SFC scan Run SFC scan to check the Windows system file that can be a reason for the disk Windows C has errors...Full steps
Fix 3. Run CHKDSK C: /f If there is a file system error on the C drive, run CHKDSK C: /f can solve the problem. Use a free tool...Full steps
File system error - 2147219196 What is File system error - 2147219196 and how to fix the issue when open a jpg or png file using Photos...Full steps

Windows Has Detected File System Corruption Error Overview

  • "The local disk (C:) has errors. Windows has detected file system corruption on local disk (C:). You must check the disk for errors before it can be restored."
  • "The disk OS (C:) has errors. Windows has detected file system corruption on local disk (C:). You must check the disk for errors before it can be restored."

run SFC to fix Windows has detected file system corruption

These are Windows 10/8/7 System Restore errors mainly caused by the damaged file system on the selected hard disk or corruption of Windows system files. When encountering the disk local disk has errors, you cannot perform any system restore point until the problem is thoroughly resolved. 

In this tutorial, we will explain several useful ways to solve Windows-detected file system corruption on local disk C errors. 

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File System Error (-2147219196) - 8 Quick Fixes

Are you unable to access or open pictures on your Windows PC due to a Photos application file system error (-2147219196)? Here are eight ways to fix Photos application file system errors on your Windows computer.

file system error

How to Fix Windows Has Detected File System Corruption Error 

Facing Windows has detected file system corruption on local disk C issue when you restore the system, you can start to troubleshoot by first checking the disk recommended by Windows.

Fix 1. Check the Disk for Errors to Fix the Disk Local Disk Has Errors

When Windows has detected file system corruption error pops up, on the dialogue box beneath the full error message, there is a link which says: "Check the disk for errors". This is where you can get the most straightforward troubleshooting solution from Microsoft. Click this link and let Windows run the disk check and do the repair for you. After this step, reboot your computer and try to perform the restore again.

windows has detected file system corruption fix

Move on to the following advanced solutions if you're out of luck to overcome the trouble after the initial attempt.

Fix2 . Run System File Checker Scan (Sfc) to Fix Corrupted System Files

One of the main factors that cause Windows has detected file system corruption error is the corrupted Windows system file. Follow the step-by-step instruction provided here to use the System System File Checker tool to scan system files and repair missing or corrupted system files. Those system files in question are prominent reasons for Windows being unable to run System Restore properly.

Step 1. Right-click the "Start" button and select "Command Prompt (Admin)".

Step 2. Type sfc /scannow into the Command Prompt window and press Enter to run a full system scan.

run SFC to fix Windows has detected file system corruption

If you see this message: Windows Resource Protection did not find any integrity violations, it means there is nothing wrong with the Windows system files. Move to the next solution to check and repair the corrupted file system on the local disk.

Fix 3. Run CHKDSK to Check File System and Repair Bad Sectors

Like we previously mentioned, Windows has detected file system corruption is also largely attributed to bad sectors and corrupted file system. Here, we show you two ways to check and repair the corrupted file system using the CHKDSK utility.

1. Use a Free Partition Manager to Check File System

EaseUS Partition Master is a free disk management tool that provides full-around partition organizing options, for example: resize/move partition to solve low disk space issue, clone disk, merge partitions, create/delete/format partition, wipe data, and disk/partition conversion (convert MBR to GPT), which are totally free.

Now, download this free partition manager to check and repair the corrupted file system with a few clicks.

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

Step 1. Open EaseUS Partition Master on your computer. Then, locate the disk, right-click the partition you want to check, and choose "Advanced" > "Check File System".

choose Check Partition

Step 2. In the Check File System window, keep the "Try to fix errors if found" option selected and click "Start".

check the pop-up instructions

Step 3. The software will begin checking your partition file system on your disk. When it completes, click "Finish".

finish partition check

2. Run CHKDSK in Command Prompt

If you don't like to use the free third-party program, you can also manually run CHKDSK in Command Prompt to scan your hard drive for errors and bad sectors.

Step 1. Click the Search button, type CMD. Right-click Command Prompt and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 2. To run chkdsk on C drive, type chkdsk c: /f, and then press Enter.

Step 3. You need to type Y to schedule the volume to be checked when you next restart your operating system because the volume is in use by another process.

Tip: If the CHKDSK gets stuck unfortunately at a certain percentage number, check this post to get over with it.  

To Sum Up

If you get Windows has detected file system corruption error on system restore, do not worry. Read this post and apply the above methods check and repair Windows system files, bad sectors, or partition file system. To fix a corrupted file system on the local C drive, you can use EaseUS free partition management software for help.

This free partition tool is designed for both professionals and beginners to manage disk and enhance the computer's capableness. It helps you create, resize, clone, move, merge, format partitions, and so on. Try it now. 

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

See More: What Is File System Error - 2147219196

You might see the File system error - (2147219196), or File system error - (-2147219194)/(2147416359) when trying to open image files such as .jpg .jpeg .png and so on via the Windows Photo App. In some cases, you might also see a File system error (-2147219196) when trying to open other Windows apps like Calculator, etc. This error only appears on Windows 10, and it will prevent you from using a particular app (in most cases, your photo app) or a group of apps.

The error message appears because: 

  • The file you are trying to open has become corrupted.
  • The application you are trying to use to open the image file has become corrupt.
  • There is a bug in Windows Update. 

You can use the following methods to fix File system error - (2147219196):

  • Open photos or other files with another application
  • Run system error check and SFC scan
  • Upgrade Windows 10 version
  • Run Windows update
  • Run Windows Troubleshooter

Windows Has Detected File System Corruption FAQs

Here are more topics about the disk local disk has errors, Windows has detected file system corruption. Check the questions and answers listed below.

What causes file system corruption?

The most common causes of file system corruption are improper shutdown, startup procedures, hardware failures, virus attack, or other errors. The hardware failures could be a bad sector, a bad disk controller, or a power outage. 

When the file system corruption occurs, you can run the CHKDSK tool to check and repair bad sectors and damaged file system.

How do I fix corrupted Windows files?

You can try to fix corrupted system files on Windows 10 with SFC scan:

Step 1. Press Windows Key + X to open the Win + X menu and choose Command Prompt (Admin).

Step 2. When Command Prompt opens, enter sfc /scannow and press Enter.

Step 3. The system file repair process will now start.

How do I fix a corrupted NTFS file?

You can fix the corrupted NTFS partition in Windows File Explorer.

Step 1. Right-click the corrupted NTFS partition

Step 2. Go to "Properties" > "Tools", click "Check" under "Error Checking". Then, Windows will check the selected partition for file system error. 

Make sure that you have tried at least one solution to work on "Windows has detected file system corruption" error. You can perform the system restore after taking the corresponding solutions many times. 

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Updated by Sherly

Sherly joined EaseUS in 2022 and she has always loved writing articles and enjoys the fun they bring. She receives professional training here, focusing on product performance and other relative knowledge. She has written over 200 articles to help people overcome computing issues.

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Written by Jean

Jean is recognized as one of the most professional writers in EaseUS. She has kept improving her writing skills over the past 10 years and helped millions of her readers solve their tech problems on PC, Mac, and iOS devices.

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