Top 5 Ways to Fix Corrupted Hard Disk (Quick Navigation)

Hard drive corruption is a common issue for Windows 10/8/7 users. Today, we are going to walk you through the solutions to fix a corrupted hard disk. Here is the overview of these HDD repair solutions. 

Workable Solutions Step-by-step Troubleshooting
Recover Corrupted Hard Disk To avoid data loss during disk repair, you should recover important data from the hard...Full steps
Fix 1. Seek Help from Experts You can ask for help from EaseUS's technical support team. They provide 1 on 1 remote...Full steps
Fix 2. Run Antivirus Scan Download and run Norton Power Eraser. If a new version is available, Norton Power Eraser...Full steps
Fix 3. Repair Hard Drive Using CMD Next to the Windows Start menu, in the "Search Windows" box, type cmd. On the search...Full steps
Fix 4. Try Hard Drive Repair Software Download EaseUS CleanGenius for Free and install it. Open the software and select the...Full steps
Fix 5. Update the Disk Driver Right-click on "This PC"/"My Computer" and choose "Properties". In the taskbar on the left...Full steps

What Causes Hard Disk Corrupted(Corrupted HDD Signs)

Sometimes, your internal hard drive or external hard drive can get damaged and become unrecognizable or inaccessible in Windows 10/8/7. Generally, hard drive corruption is caused by the following things:

  • Power supply and connection errors
  • Virus issues
  • File system errors
  • Bad sectors
  • Software/hardware issues
  • Physical damage

At the same time, you may receive these error messages like "drive is not accessible. The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable"; The hard drive becomes RAW and prompts a "disk needs to be formatted" error.

Whether it is an internal hard disk or an external hard drive, there are solutions to repair a corrupted hard disk. How to fix a corrupted hard drive? The most straightforward way to fix a corrupt hard disk is by formatting it, which will cause data loss. If you'd prefer not to lose your data, we will explain a few practical ways to fix corrupted hard drives without formatting them in this post.

How to Recover Corrupted Hard Disk with Data Recovery Software

Since it is easy to lose data during disk repair, if you have important data saved on the corrupted hard drive, you should recover your lost data first. EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard is a professional file recovery tool to help you recover formatted hard drives, and corrupted and even inaccessible hard drives. 

EaseUS Hard Drive Recovery Software

  • Recover lost pictures, documents, videos, documents, and emails from the corrupted hard drive.
  • Except for HDD recovery, it still supports data recovery from USB flash drives, pen drives, and SD cards.
  • Recover data from a formatted hard drive and external hard drive within a short time.

 Download for Win Recovery Rate 99.7%
 Download for Mac Trustpilot Rating 4.7

To use this tool, download the tool and then follow the following steps to recover data from a corrupted hard drive. You can check the video tutorial first:

  • 00:23 What causes data loss
  • 01:28 Launch EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard
  • 01:37 Wait for the scanning process
  • 02:16 Preview the files

Now, you can check the written tutorial with pictures to recover data step-by-step:

Step 1. Scan the hard drive partition

Select the drive on your hard disk where you lost or deleted files. Click "Search for Lost Data" and let EaseUS data recovery software scan for all lost data and files on the selected drive.

select a location and scan hard drive

Step 2. Check the results

When the scan completes, you can apply the "Filter" feature or click the "Search files or folders" option to find the lost files on the hard drive.

Find and preview all lost hard drive data

Step 3. Restore lost hard drive data

Select wanted files that you lost on the drive and click "Recover" to save them to another location.

💡Tip: You can restore data on the local disks, external hard drives, and also the cloud storage.

Restore lost hard drive data.

Now that you've got back the crucial data, you can follow the solutions here to fix the damaged hard drive. Before that, you can share this page to recommend EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard to more people!


How to Fix Corrupted Hard Drive Without Formatting (5 Ways)

Whether it is an internal hard disk or an external hard drive, you can find solutions to repair a corrupted hard disk. The most direct way to fix a corrupt hard disk is to format the HDD, which will cause data loss. In this post, we will explain 5 practical ways to fix a corrupted hard drive without formatting.

Methods Antivirus Scan Run CMD Repair Software Update Disk Driver Turn to Experts
Scenarios Infected by virus File system error Alternative of CHKDSK Drive issue Other reasons
Repair Rate High Medium High Not Sure. (Have a try.) High 
Free or Paid Free Free Free Free Paid
Simple Steps × ×

Solution 1. Repair Corrupted Hard Disk with Data Recovery Services (100% Working)

Here comes the most reliable and powerful hard disk repair service that helps you to repair corrupted SanDisk, Kingston, Seagate, or Western Digital hard disks with ease. Contact our data recovery services and repair the damaged hard disks.

EaseUS Disk Repair and Recovery Services

Click here to contact our experts for a free evaluation

Consult with EaseUS data recovery experts for one-on-one hard drive recovery service. We could offer the following services after a FREE diagnosis.

  • Fix HDD, SSD, external hard drive, USB flash drive errors, and restore data from all RAID levels
  • Recover lost partitions and recover data from deleted partitions that cannot be restored by data recovery software
  • Fix disks that cannot be read or accessed because of bad sectors
  • Fix disks that become GPT-protected partitions
  • Wipe data, unformat hard drive, Install/uninstall software or driver, etc.

Solution 2. Check and Repair Disk to Fix Corrupted Hard Drive with Antivirus Software

Viruses and malware can lead to hard drive corruption. Connect the hard drive to a Windows PC and use a reliable antivirus/malware tool to scan the drive or the system. To get rid of this problem, you can turn to Windows Defender or some reputable third-party antivirus software. Here is an example of using Norton to remove a virus.

Step 1. Download and run Norton Power Eraser. If a new version is available, Norton Power Eraser will check and download it.

Step 2. In the "Norton Power Eraser" window, click the "Scan for Risks" option.

Step 3. Wait for the tool to remove any risks from your system.

Step 4. After successfully removing any potential risks, click "Finish".

run antivirus software to fix corrupted hard drive

You may also want to know how to repair a corrupted external hard drive. The following passage can be very helpful:

repair corrupted external hard drive

How to Repair Corrupted External Hard Drive Without Losing Data

External hard drive corrupted so you cannot access all saved data? Relax. This article will show you how to fix. Read more >>

Solution 3. How to Repair Corrupted Hard Disk Using CMD

When a hard drive's file system gets corrupt, and you can't access the hard disk, you can run a CHKDSK scan to repair the corrupt hard drive without formatting it.

The CHKDSK command checks the file system and the file system metadata of a volume for logical and physical errors. If used without parameters, CHKDSK displays only the volume's status and does not fix any errors. When used with the /f, /r, /x, or /b parameters, it fixes errors in the volume.

To give you some brief info, the “/f” parameter in CHKDSK fixes any errors that are found. The "/r" parameter asks the command to locate bad sectors on the drive. The “/x” parameter forces the drive to dismount before the process starts.

Step 1. Next to the Windows Start menu, in the "Search Windows" box, type cmd.

Step 2. In the search results, right-click on the "Command Prompt" and select "Run as administrator".

run cmd as administrator

Step 3. Type the command: chkdsk E: /f /r /x in the Command Prompt window and press Enter. In the command, replace E with your drive letter.

fix corrupted hard drive with cmd command

If you encounter errors like CHKDSK is not available, read the following article to fix the problem.

related articles

The Type of the File System Is RAW, CHKDSK Is Not Available for RAW Drives

Getting error message 'The type of file system is RAW. Chkdsk is not available for RAW drives'? This page tells you how to recover data from the raw file system.

chkdsk not working

Solution 4. Fix Corrupted Hard Disk with File System Repair Software

EaseUS CleanGenius is a user-friendly computer fixing tool that is both safe and lightweight. It's a perfect alternative to CHKDSK command. Use this one-click tool to fix the damaged file system easily.

Step 1. DOWNLOAD EaseUS CleanGenius on your computer and complete the installation.

Step 2. Run the software. Click "Optimization", and then choose "File Showing" . 

select the file showing option

Step 3. Select the drive with a corrupted file system. Tick the "Check and fix file system error" option and click "Execute".

fix file system

Step 4. Wait the tool performs the repairing task. After that, click the "here" button to check the drive.

fix file system

If you think the methods are helpful, you can share this page on Twitter or FaceBook to help more users!


Solution 5. Update the Disk Driver to Fix Hard Disk Corrupted Issue

If a driver issue causes the hard drive corruption, you need to update the driver in Windows 11/10. There might be some issues with the device driver installed on your PC. Follow these steps to update the driver:

Step 1. Right-click on This PC or My Computer and select Properties.

Step 2. On the left panel, click Device Manager to open the Device Manager. Expand Universal Serial Bus controllers and you'll see a yellow exclamation mark if your disk driver is out of date.

open device manager

Step 3. Right-click your drive and choose "Update driver".

Step 4. Select "Search automatically for updated driver software..."

update drivers

Bonus Tips: How to Prevent Hard Drive Corruption Effectively

Repairing a hard drive is a difficult task, even for the experts. A couple of ways to protect your hard drive from corruption are by safely removing external drives before unplugging and making a regular backup.

To do the latter, you can use a tool like EaseUS backup and recovery software. It helps back up important data from your hard drives. To use this tool:

Step 1. For the first time you use EaseUS Todo Backup to back up files, click Create backup on the home screen and then mouse click the big question mark to select backup contents.

backup files step 1

Step 2. Since you're going to back up files and folders on your computer, go on with the "File" backup mode, where you can select pictures, videos, documents and all other types of files to back up.

backup files step 2

Step 3. Follow the paths to locate the files, folders or directories you want to back up, select them all and click "OK".

backup files step 3

Step 4. Now you need to select a backup location to save and retain the backup.

backup files step 3

Step 5. EaseUS Todo Backup allows users to save the backup files to every device that is handy for you, like a local hard drive, external USB drive, SD card, network drive, or a NAS drive, plus a cloud drive of the EaseUS brand. We personally recommend users to choose the cloud drive prior to a physical drive to save important backups due to the greater accessibility, flexibility and safety.

backup files step 5

To be able to access to EaseUS cloud, all you need is an email registration and login. 

backup files to cloud

Step 6. If you're interested in an automatic and intelligent backup schedule for the next file backup task, go on with the "Options" setting. There you can encrypt a confidential file backup, compress the backup image size, or customize a backup scheme to tell the software in what time to start the next backup. 

Customize an advanced and automatic backup task here:

backup scheme

Step 7. Click "Backup Now" to start the file backup process. Your completed backup files are visible on the left area in a card style.

backup files step 6


Is your hard disk being repaired? If you still cannot figure out the appropriate solutions to fix a corrupted hard drive, see the features of each solution. You can select the right solution to fix your drive according to your own situation.

Hard drive corruption is a common issue for lots of users. When your hard drive gets damaged, the data is actually not lost. Using EaseUS, you can recover corrupted SD cards, hard drives, external hard drives, USB drives, etc. Once that's done, you can start fixing your storage device.

 Download for Win Recovery Rate 99.7%
 Download for Mac Trustpilot Rating 4.7

Hard Drive Corrupted FAQs

Here are 4 additional questions about how to fix a corrupted hard drive. Check here for the answers.

1. Why is my hard drive corrupted?

Hard drive data corruption occurs when a system cannot finish writing data to a file or when segments of the file become inaccessible. Poor operating conditions often cause physical hard disk issues that contribute to corruption, but all hard drives eventually fail due to mechanical stress. You can get more information in the cause and symptom part.

2. How do you fix a corrupted hard drive?

To fix a corrupted hard drive:

  • Check the Hard Disk
  • Run Antivirus
  • Run SFC Scan
  • Use CMD Command
  • Try CMD Alternative
  • Update the Disk Driver
  • Use Data Recovery Tool

3. Can a virus corrupt a hard drive?

Viruses can and have turned hard drives into seemingly useless bricks. But the only thing they can damage is the data stored there.

4. Will formatting fix a corrupted hard drive?

Yes, it's one of the ways to try. A Full format will truly scrub through the hard drive from scratch, rebuild all its file structures, and scan the drive to ensure that everything is satisfactory. But this operation causes data loss.

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Updated by Cedric

Cedric Grantham is a senior editor and data recovery specialist of EaseUS. He mainly writes articles and how-to tips about data recovery on PC and Mac. He has handled 10,000+ data recovery cases and is good at data recovery of NTFS, FAT (FAT32 and ExFAT) file systems, and RAID structure reorganization.

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Approved by Mahesh Makvana

Mahesh is an experienced computer tech writer. He's been writing tech how-to guides for about 8 years now and has covered many topics. He loves to teach people how they can get the most out of their devices.

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