How to Recover Data from Corrupted Windows OS

Abby Haines updated on Nov 29, 2019 to Data Recovery | How-to Articles

Summary

You can learn how to recover data from a corrupted Windows OS using EaseUS bootable data recovery software in Windows 10/8/7 or other versions. Download this easy-to-use software to get data back. Also, fix the corrupted system files with detailed steps.

What Is a Corrupted Windows OS (Symptoms)

A crash, or system corruption, occurs when a computer program such as a software application or an operating system stops functioning properly and exits. At most times, a corrupted Windows OS is one of the main factors that must be responsible for a dead computer. And in different situations, it brings boot issues with different symptoms:

Why Does Windows 10/8/7 Get Corrupted (Causes)

All these problems usually happen unexpectedly and prevent you from accessing your hard drive & data. These problems occur due to the following reasons:

Once you have figured out the causes, you can solve your problems easily. But how can you recover data from a corrupted Windows OS?

Can I Recover Data from Corrupted Windows OS

Yes, you can recover data from corrupted Windows OS. For most users, they feel it is hard to access hard disk data without OS. But they are still looking for a possible way to recover data when the PC won't boot. Are you one of them? If yes, here, the bootable data recovery software from EaseUS Software can solve your problem. EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard Pro with Bootable Media is mainly designed for data recovery cases of any system crash or starting problems. It recovers lost data when the computer is suffering from all kinds of booting issues like a crash, freeze, keeping rebooting, etc. Let's see how to rescue your data from corrupted Windows 10/8/7 or other versions.

1. Create a WinPE Bootable Disk

First, download and install EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard WinPE Edition on a working computer. Then, create a WinPE bootable disk of EaseUS data recovery software, which will help you access your hard drive data without booting into Windows.

Step 1. Launch EaseUS bootable data recovery software on a working computer.

Step 2. Select CD/DVD or USB drive and click "Proceed" to create a bootable disk. 

select a location and click scan

2. Recover data from crashed OS

Connect the WinPE bootable disk you have made to the PC with the corrupted Windows system, then, restart the computer and go to BIOS to change the boot sequence. Press F2 when you start your PC. It will allow you to run EaseUS data recovery software and recover data without Windows.

Step 1. Select the disk where you want to recover data and click the "Scan" button.

select the disk

Step 2. Let the software scan the selected disk to find all the files and folders.

scan the disk

Step 3. Preview and choose the files you want. Click the "Recover" button to save them to a safe place. You'd better choose a different drive to avoid data overwriting.

recover data from the disk

How to Repair Corrupted Windows System 

Before repairing, you must make sure that it is not a physical damage or hardware damage that causes the crash or corruption. Then, you can fix the corrupted system according to the causes above.

Solution 1. Check and Repair Hard Disk Corruption Errors

When hard disk drive gets damaged or corrupted, it may cause system corruption. You can check and fix damaged hard disk drive using the CHKDSK command. 

Step 1. Press the "Windows" key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Enter the following command:

Click to copy

"e" means the drive letter of the partition you want to repair.

repair disk error to fix system corruption

  • chkdsk /f is running to fix any found errors.
  • chkdsk /r is running to locate for bad sectors and recover any readable information.
  • chkdsk /x is running to force the volume you're about to check to be dismounted before the utility begins a scan.

Solution 2. Updating all Device Drivers to the Newest 

System corruptions also happen after Windows 10 update. And the reason might be an incompatibility of hardware and drivers. To correct it, just update all device drivers.

Step 1. Go to "This PC" > "Manage" > "Device Manager".

Step 2. Expand "Disk drives".

Step 3. Right-click the disk and choose "Update driver".

update disk drivers to fix windows corruption

Solution 3. Run System File Checker Scan (Sfc) to Fix Corrupted System Files

System File Checker is a utility in Windows that allows users to scan for corruptions in Windows system files and restore corrupted files. Follow the step-by-step instruction provided here to use the System System File Checker tool to scan system files and repair missing or corrupted system files

Step 1. Press the "Windows" key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Type sfc /scannow into the Command Prompt window and press "Enter" to run a full system scan.

If the System File Checker couldn't fix one or more files, you need to take system restore or a Windows clean install into account. Before you start, back up data without booting into Windows. You can make sure that your data is safe.

How to Back Up Your Data Even Windows Corrupted

You may not be able to get into the normal Windows OS, you’ll need the help of other tools. EaseUS Todo Backup allows you to create a bootable USB drive or CD/DVD disc. And you can back up data to an external hard drive or your cloud. 

 

Step 1: Download and Install EaseUS Todo Backup on the working computer. Click Tools - Create emergency disk.

Follow the tool to create a Windows bootable media. You are suggested to add disk, RAID and network card driver to avoid Todo backup have a trouble to recognize your hard disk or network drive in WinPE environment.

create an emergency disk with easeus

Step 2: When it's done, insert this emergency disk to the computer that needs backing up.

Restart the PC, and Press F2/DEL to enter BIOS. Change the boot sequence, and then start the computer and run EaseUS backup software from the bootable disk.

run from the usb drive

Step 3: On the main window, click "File Backup" option and choose the files or data you want to back up.

You may have a large amount of data to be protected as time goes on, such as documents, pictures, music, and videos, etc. It is always a good habit to have a backup on regular basis.

choose file backup and select desired files or data

Step 4: Select a destination to save your backup file.

You'd better save the backup file in another storage media. If not, there may be a risk of the backup file getting corrupted or destroyed.

select the destination to save files

Step 5: Click "Proceed" to execute your operation.

Conclusion

Before you start to repair your corrupted system, recover data with EaseUS data recovery software. It is the best data recovery software to easily and quickly recover deleted, formatted, or lost data from your PC, laptop, or removable devices. Then, you can follow the solutions to repair your corrupted Windows.

 
 

100% of people found this article helpful.

 

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Why choose EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard?

"EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard is the best we've seen. It's far from perfect, partly because today's advanced disk technology makes data-recovery more difficult than it was with the simpler technology of the past, but it's fast and efficient..."PCMag

"The first thing you'll notice about EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard Pro is that its interface is very clear and uncluttered, with only a small collection of self-explanatory controls. You won't find lots of extra options hidden in a system of hidden menus, either; what you see really is what you get."techradar

"Recover lost files, even after deleting a partition or formatting your drive."Macworld

2. Why cannot I recover 2GB data for free?

It is recommended to check the version installed is Free or Trial because they are different versions.

Trial has data preview function but cannot save any files, while the Free version enables to recover 2 GB files. The default free space is 500 MB and you may share the product on social media to get another 1.5 GB.

3. Why cannot the recovered files be opened?

A file is saved as 2 parts on the storage device: directory info (which is comprised by file name, time stamp and size info, etc.) and data content.

If the files with original file names and folder structures cannot be opened, one possible reason is the corrupted directory info. There is still a chance to recover the data content with the RAW Recovery method in our software.

4. Why isn't it suggested to recover the files back to the original drive?

The storage structure of the lost files would be altered or damaged by any changes on the drive. If you save the recovered files back to the same drive, the original data structures and data content would be corrupted or overwritten, which causes permanent data loss. So you should prepare another disk to save the files.

5. How can I check whether my data is recoverable or not before purchase?

The Free version helps you save 2GB files to better verify the recovery quality of our product before purchase.

6. How long does it take to scan the drive?

It strongly depends on the capacity of your hard drive and the performance of your computer. As reference,most drive recoveries can be completed in around 10 to 12 hours for a 1-TB healthy hard drive in general conditions.

About Data Recovery Wizard

It's super easy to recover 250+ types of files after deletion, disk formatting and virus infection. Click the links and compare the difference of each version.