How to Recover Data from Corrupted Windows OS

Windows OS is corrupted and cannot boot? This page teaches you how to recover data from corrupted Windows OS using EaseUS bootable data recovery software in Windows 11/10/8/7 or other versions.

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Page Table of Contents

Updated By


Approved By

Evan Galasso

Updated on

21 May 2024

Min Reading

9 Min

In this tutorial, We have provided you with detailed guides on recovering data from corrupted OS and repairing Windows system.

Workable Solutions Step-by-step Troubleshooting
Recover data from corrupted OS First, recover data from corrupted OS with EaseUS Data Recover Wizard Bootable Media...Full steps
Use Windows Repair Services The Windows repair services can solve any system startup errors, including system failure, system blue screen, system black screen, and so on...Full steps
Check disk errors to fix corrupted OS  Press the "Windows" key and type cmd > right-click "Command Prompt"...Full steps
Update device drivers to repair Windows OS Go to "This PC" > "Manage" > "Device Manager" > expand "Disk drives"...Full steps
Run system file checker to fix corrupted Windows OS  Press the "Windows" key and type cmd > right-click "Command Prompt" and...Full steps

What Is a Corrupted Windows OS (Symptoms)

A crash, or system corruption, occurs when a computer program such as a software application or an operating system stops functioning properly and exits. At most times, a corrupted Windows OS is one of the main factors that must be responsible for a dead computer. And in different situations, it brings boot issues with different symptoms:

Why Does Windows 11/10/8/7 Get Corrupted (Causes)

All these problems usually happen unexpectedly and prevent you from accessing your hard drive & data. These problems occur due to the following reasons:

Once you have figured out the causes, you can solve your problems easily. But how can you recover data from a corrupted Windows OS?

Can I Recover Data from Corrupted Windows OS

Yes, you can recover data from corrupted Windows OS. Most users feel it is hard to access hard disk data without OS. But they are still looking for a possible way to recover data when the PC won't boot. Are you one of them? If yes, here, EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard can solve your problem.

EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard with Bootable Media is mainly designed for data recovery cases of any system crash or starting problems. It recovers lost data when the computer is suffering from all kinds of booting issues like a crash, freeze, keeping rebooting, etc. Also, it can recover data from dead hard drive efficiently. 

Let's see how to rescue your data from corrupted Windows 10/8/7 or other versions.

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Step 1. Create a bootable disk

Launch EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard, choose "Crashed PC" and click "Go to Recover".

choose crashed pc recovery

Select an empty USB to create the bootable drive and click "Create".

⚠️Warning: When you create a bootable disk, EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard will erase all data saved in the USB drive. Back up important data beforehand. 

create bootable USB

Step 2. Boot your computer from the bootable USB

Connect the bootable disk to the PC that won't boot and change your computer boot sequence in BIOS. For most users, it works well when they restart their computer and press F2 simultaneously to enter BIOS.

Set to boot the PC from "Removable Devices" (bootable USB disk) beyond Hard Drive. Press "F10" to save and exit.

restart from bootable USB

Step 3. Recover data from a crashed system/PC

After booting from EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard bootable disk, select the drive you want to scan to find all your lost files. Preview and recover the files you need to a safe location.

💡Tip: You can restore data on the local disks, external hard drives, and also the cloud storage.

recover lost files

After data recovery, you can continue using the following solutions to repair the corrupted Windows system.

How to Repair Corrupted Windows System 

Before repairing, you must make sure that it is not physical damage or hardware damage that causes the crash or corruption. Then, you can fix the corrupted system according to the causes above.

Solution 1. Repair Windows 10 with Windows Repair Services

The most secure and easiest way to repair Windows 10 without data loss is using manual Windows repair services. EaseUS professional technical team can help you solve any system startup errors, including system failure, system blue screen, system black screen, and so on.

EaseUS Data Recovery Services
Consult with EaseUS data recovery experts for one-on-one manual recovery service. We could offer the following services after FREE diagnosis:
1. Fix Windows boot issues, including BSOD
2. Fix Windows error and configure Windows environment
3. Restore the system when it fails to boot
4. Optimize Windows computer to make it run quickly

Solution 2. Check and Repair Hard Disk Corruption Errors

When a hard disk drive gets damaged or corrupted, it may cause system corruption. You can check and fix damaged hard disk drive using the CHKDSK command. 

Step 1. Press the "Windows" key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Enter the following command: chkdsk e: /f /r /x. ("e" means the drive letter of the partition you want to repair.)

repair disk error to fix system corruption

  • chkdsk /f is running to fix any found errors.
  • chkdsk /r is running to locate for bad sectors and recover any readable information.
  • chkdsk /x is running to force the volume you're about to check to be dismounted before the utility begins a scan.

Solution 3. Updating all Device Drivers to the Newest

System corruptions also happen after Windows 10 update. And the reason might be an incompatibility of hardware and drivers. To correct it, just update all device drivers.

Step 1. Go to "This PC" > "Manage" > "Device Manager".

Step 2. Expand "Disk drives".

Step 3. Right-click the disk and choose "Update driver".

update disk drivers to fix windows corruption

Solution 4. Run System File Checker Scan (Sfc) to Fix Corrupted System Files

System File Checker is a utility in Windows that allows users to scan for corruptions in Windows system files and restore corrupted files. Follow the step-by-step instruction provided here to use the System System File Checker tool to scan system files and repair missing or corrupted system files

Step 1. Press the "Windows" key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Type sfc /scannow into the Command Prompt window and press "Enter" to run a full system scan.

If the System File Checker couldn't fix one or more files, you need to take system restore or a Windows clean install into account. Before you start, back up data without booting into Windows. You can make sure that your data is safe.

How to Back Up Your Data Even Windows Corrupted

You may not be able to get into the normal Windows OS, you'll need the help of other tools. EaseUS Todo Backup allows you to create a bootable USB drive or CD/DVD disc. And you can back up data to an external hard drive or your cloud. 

* The following backup procedure requires another working computer to create an emergency disk of EaseUS Todo Backup. You'll need to boot your unbootable computer through this emergency disk to make a full backup.

Step 1. To make an EaseUS Todo Backup emergency disk, you need a USB flash drive and connect it to a working computer. Launch EaseUS Todo Backup, click "Tools" and then click "Create Emergency Disk".

click tools and create emergency disk

Step 2. Switch to the USB option when choose a boot disk location, and then click Create.

create a USB emergency disk of easeus todo backup

Step 3. When it's done, insert this emergency disk to the computer that needs backing up. Restart the PC, and Press F2/DEL to enter BIOS. Change the boot sequence, and then start the computer and run EaseUS backup software from the bootable disk.

Step 4. Access the option of Select backup contents and then choose the Disk backup mode. Here, select the computer hard drive(s) to make a full backup.

backup hard drive on a unbootable computer

Step 5. Select a destination to save your backup file. It's recommended to save the backup file to external storage media.

choose a location to save backup

Step 5. Click "Backup Now" to execute your operation.


Before you start to repair your corrupted system, recover data with EaseUS data recovery software. It is the best data recovery software to easily and quickly recover deleted, formatted, or lost data from your PC, laptop, or removable devices. Then, you can follow the solutions to repair your corrupted Windows.

  • Updated by

    Jaden is one of the editors of EaseUS, who focuses on topics concerning PCs and Mac data recovery. Jaden is committed to enhancing professional IT knowledge and writing abilities. She is always keen on new and intelligent products.…
  • Approved by

    Evan Galasso is a digital forensics and data recovery engineer with over 10 years of experience in the field. He presents opinions on the current state of storage media, reverse engineering of storage systems and firmware, and electro-mechanical systems of SSDs and HDDs.…
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