How to Recover Data from Corrupted Windows OS

You can learn how to recover data from a corrupted Windows OS using EaseUS bootable data recovery software in Windows 10/8/7 or other versions. Download this easy-to-use software to get data back. Also, fix the corrupted system files with detailed steps.

Table of Contents

We have provided you with three solutions to repair corrupted OS.

Workable Solutions Step-by-step Troubleshooting
Fix 1. Check Disk Errors Press the "Windows" key and type cmd > right-click "Command Prompt"...Full steps
Fix 2. Update Device Drivers Go to "This PC" > "Manage" > "Device Manager" > expand "Disk drives"...Full steps
Fix 3. Run System File Checker Press the "Windows" key and type cmd > right-click "Command Prompt" and...Full steps

What Is a Corrupted Windows OS (Symptoms)

A crash, or system corruption, occurs when a computer program such as a software application or an operating system stops functioning properly and exits. At most times, a corrupted Windows OS is one of the main factors that must be responsible for a dead computer. And in different situations, it brings boot issues with different symptoms:

Why Does Windows 10/8/7 Get Corrupted (Causes)

All these problems usually happen unexpectedly and prevent you from accessing your hard drive & data. These problems occur due to the following reasons:

Once you have figured out the causes, you can solve your problems easily. But how can you recover data from a corrupted Windows OS?

Can I Recover Data from Corrupted Windows OS

Yes, you can recover data from corrupted Windows OS. For most users, they feel it is hard to access hard disk data without OS. But they are still looking for a possible way to recover data when the PC won't boot. Are you one of them? If yes, here, the bootable data recovery software from EaseUS Software can solve your problem. EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard Pro with Bootable Media is mainly designed for data recovery cases of any system crash or starting problems. It recovers lost data when the computer is suffering from all kinds of booting issues like a crash, freeze, keeping rebooting, etc. Let's see how to rescue your data from corrupted Windows 10/8/7 or other versions.

1. Create a WinPE Bootable Disk

First, download and install EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard WinPE Edition on a working computer. Then, create a WinPE bootable disk of EaseUS data recovery software, which will help you access your hard drive data without booting into Windows.

Step 1. Launch EaseUS bootable data recovery software on a working computer.

Step 2. Select CD/DVD or USB drive and click "Proceed" to create a bootable disk. 

select a location and click scan

2. Recover data from crashed OS

Connect the WinPE bootable disk you have made to the PC with the corrupted Windows system, then, restart the computer and go to BIOS to change the boot sequence. Press F2 when you start your PC. It will allow you to run EaseUS data recovery software and recover data without Windows.

Step 1. Select the disk where you want to recover data and click the "Scan" button.

select the disk

Step 2. Let the software scan the selected disk to find all the files and folders.

scan the disk

Step 3. Preview and choose the files you want. Click the "Recover" button to save them to a safe place. You'd better choose a different drive to avoid data overwriting.

recover data from the disk

How to Repair Corrupted Windows System 

Before repairing, you must make sure that it is not a physical damage or hardware damage that causes the crash or corruption. Then, you can fix the corrupted system according to the causes above.

Solution 1. Check and Repair Hard Disk Corruption Errors

When hard disk drive gets damaged or corrupted, it may cause system corruption. You can check and fix damaged hard disk drive using the CHKDSK command. 

Step 1. Press the "Windows" key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Enter the following command: chkdsk e: /f /r /x. ("e" means the drive letter of the partition you want to repair.)

repair disk error to fix system corruption

  • chkdsk /f is running to fix any found errors.
  • chkdsk /r is running to locate for bad sectors and recover any readable information.
  • chkdsk /x is running to force the volume you're about to check to be dismounted before the utility begins a scan.

Solution 2. Updating all Device Drivers to the Newest

System corruptions also happen after Windows 10 update. And the reason might be an incompatibility of hardware and drivers. To correct it, just update all device drivers.

Step 1. Go to "This PC" > "Manage" > "Device Manager".

Step 2. Expand "Disk drives".

Step 3. Right-click the disk and choose "Update driver".

update disk drivers to fix windows corruption

Solution 3. Run System File Checker Scan (Sfc) to Fix Corrupted System Files

System File Checker is a utility in Windows that allows users to scan for corruptions in Windows system files and restore corrupted files. Follow the step-by-step instruction provided here to use the System System File Checker tool to scan system files and repair missing or corrupted system files

Step 1. Press the "Windows" key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Type sfc /scannow into the Command Prompt window and press "Enter" to run a full system scan.

If the System File Checker couldn't fix one or more files, you need to take system restore or a Windows clean install into account. Before you start, back up data without booting into Windows. You can make sure that your data is safe.

How to Back Up Your Data Even Windows Corrupted

You may not be able to get into the normal Windows OS, you’ll need the help of other tools. EaseUS Todo Backup allows you to create a bootable USB drive or CD/DVD disc. And you can back up data to an external hard drive or your cloud. 

 

Step 1: Download and Install EaseUS Todo Backup on the working computer. Click "Tools" - "Create Emergency Disk".

Follow the tool to create a Windows bootable media. You are suggested to add disk, RAID, and network card driver to avoid Todo backup have trouble recognizing your hard disk or network drive in the WinPE environment.

create an emergency disk with easeus

Step 2: When it's done, insert this emergency disk to the computer that needs backing up.

Restart the PC, and Press F2/DEL to enter BIOS. Change the boot sequence, and then start the computer and run EaseUS backup software from the bootable disk.

run from the usb drive

Step 3: On the main window, click "File" and choose the files or data you want to back up.

You may have a large amount of data to be protected as time goes on, such as documents, pictures, music, and videos, etc. It is always a good habit to have a backup on regular basis.

choose file backup and select desired files or data

Step 4: Select a destination to save your backup file.

You'd better save the backup file in another storage media. If not, there may be a risk of the backup file getting corrupted or destroyed.

select the destination to save files

Step 5: Click "Proceed" to execute your operation.

Conclusion

Before you start to repair your corrupted system, recover data with EaseUS data recovery software. It is the best data recovery software to easily and quickly recover deleted, formatted, or lost data from your PC, laptop, or removable devices. Then, you can follow the solutions to repair your corrupted Windows.

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Updated by Daisy

Daisy has been working as a technical writer for eight years. She specializes in making the complicated easy. She believes that technology should bring users satisfaction, not annoyance, so she writes a lot to help people overcome their tech troubles.

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Written by Roxanne

Roxanne is one of the main contributors to EaseUS and has created multiple posts on digital devices like PCs, Mobile phones, tablets, Mac, etc. She loves to share ideas with people of the same interest.

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