Fix Blue Screen of Death Error on PC and Restore All Lost Files

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Tracy King updated on Feb 07, 2021 to Computer Instruction | How-to Articles

There are eight methods in all to fix the blue screen of death error on PC. But you should perform data recovery at first for data security.

Workable Solutions Step-by-step Troubleshooting
Perform blue screen recovery at first Use EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard to recover data after BSOD error. You have two options to recover...Full steps
Fix 1. Use system restore You can use System Restore to roll its system software back to a previous state...Full steps
Fix 2. Ensure enough space  Clear up hard disk space and make sure it is at least 15% of a drive's capacity free at all times...Full steps
Fix 3. Change a USB port The virus and malware might infect the master boot record and Windows kernel at a low level...Full steps
Fix 4. Install the latest drivers Try to download and install the latest drivers to fix BSOD caused by driver problems...Full steps
 More effective fixes  You can also fix the BSOD problem by applying available Windows service packs and updates...Full steps

What Are the Main Causes of Blue Screen of Death

The Blue Screen of Death, also known as BSOD Error, Blue Screen Error, or STOP Error, is an error screen displayed on a Windows computer system after a fatal system error. Once this error occurs, your system may stop responding and fail to boot, and all data stored on your computer become inaccessible. BSOD mainly results from a system crash, driver problem, and hardware failure. And other likely causes are listed below.

  • Software incompatibilities
  • Incompatible versions of DLLs, low-level software running in the Windows kernel
  • Virus attack or malware infection that may cause MBR or system files damaged
  • Boot BCD error
  • Low disk space in C drive
  • Power supply issues

When your Windows crashes and stops working with a blue screen, you may ask that does blue screen damage the computer? The answer is NO. The blue screen of death arises because of a computer problem. The computer problem is the cause, and the blue screen is the result.

blue screen of death

Does Blue Screen of Death Delete Files

This is another most concern for many users. Although the blue screen error itself will not delete files, when the question appears, you cannot access the data on your computer. And if the BSOD error is related to system problems or hardware issues, you may face the risk of losing data. Therefore, before fixing the blue screen problem, you should first find a way to restore your computer data.

Can You Recover Files from Blue Screen of Death

Yes, you can recover data from the blue screen of death with the help of professional data recovery software. EaseUS Data Recovery is a top-notch file recovery tool that enables you to recover files from HDD, SSD, USB flash drive, external hard drive, SD card, and other devices in complicated scenarios. For example, system crash, virus attack, hard drive corrupted/damaged, hard drive formatting, partition loss, RAW partition, etc..

How to Recover Files after Blue Screen of Death

Now, let's discuss two ways to recover data after BSOD error by using this proficient data recovery software.

Method 1. Perform Blue Screen Recovery with EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard

Before you make a PC data recovery, you need to do first remove your hard drive from the original computer with the blue screen of death and then connect it to a new computer running normally as a second hard drive. Then, download and install EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard on the computer to recover data from the hard drive.

Step 1. Select a location and start scanning.

Launch EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard, hover on the location(hard drive partition, external HDD, Card devices) where you lost data, then click "Scan".

select a location and click scan

Step 2. Preview and select the files.

Wait until the scanning completes. If you need to double-click the item to preview the file, then select the data you attempt to recover.

Choose files to recover

Step 3. Recover lost data.

Click "Recover", choose a location to save the recovered data, then click "OK". You should store the data in another place instead of the original one.

Recover lost data

Method 2. BSOD Recovery via EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard with Bootable Media

If you don't want to or don't know how to remove the hard drive, you can still recover data from your problematic computer directly by using EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard Pro with Bootable Media.

NOTE: If the BSOD is caused by hardware damage, you cannot recover data with bootable media, which can't start your computer either in this case. To recover data, you have to remove your hard drive and use Method 1 to troubleshoot.

1. Create a WinPE Bootable Disk

First, download and install EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard WinPE Edition on a working computer. Then, create a WinPE bootable disk of EaseUS data recovery software, which will help you access your hard drive data without booting into Windows.

Step 1. Launch EaseUS bootable data recovery software on a working computer.

Step 2. Select CD/DVD or USB drive and click "Proceed" to create a bootable disk. 

select a location and click scan

2. Recover data from crashed OS

Connect the WinPE bootable disk you have made to the PC with the corrupted Windows system, then, restart the computer and go to BIOS to change the boot sequence. Press F2 when you start your PC. It will allow you to run EaseUS data recovery software and recover data without Windows.

Step 1. Select the disk where you want to recover data and click the "Scan" button.

select the disk

Step 2. Let the software scan the selected disk to find all the files and folders.

scan the disk

Step 3. Preview and choose the files you want. Click the "Recover" button to save them to a safe place. You'd better choose a different drive to avoid data overwriting.

recover data from the disk

Conclusion: When you have a blue screen issue and cannot access your files, don't panic. You can try EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard or its bootable disk to restore data at a high recovery rate. In addition to the powerful recovery feature, EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard is also a JPEG repair tool that supports repairing corrupted JPEG/JPG files for free.

How to Fix Blue Screen of Death Error

After recovering data from the blue screen, it's time for you to fix the error. Rebooting your computer is certainly the first attempt. If you fail, do as what shows in the video tutorial to fix BSOD caused by MBR/system file error, BCD error, or driver issue of hardware.

If the problem remains unsolved when all three approaches have been tried, go on using the following solutions to fix the BSOD error.

1. Use System Restore to undo changes

The BSOD error may occur after you install a new program/hardware, update a driver, or install a Windows update. If so, you can fix the issue by undoing the change you made. You can use System Restore to roll its system software back to a previous state. Or you can roll back the device driver to a version prior to your driver update.

2. Ensure enough space on the C drive

Check that there's enough free space left  Blue Screen of Death and other data corruption issues can happen if there's not enough free space on the drive Windows is installed on. Thus, clear up hard disk space and make sure it is at least 15% of a drive's capacity free at all times.

3. Scan for virus or malware

As mentioned before, the virus and malware might infect the master boot record and Windows kernel at a low level to cause system instability, so you can start your PC in safe mode and run the antivirus software for a full system scan.

4. Install the latest drivers for hardware

An incorrectly installed or outdated driver can lead to a system crash. Download and install the latest drivers for your computer’s hardware from the computer manufacturer’s website. This may fix BSOD caused by driver problems.

5. Apply available Windows service packs and updates

Microsoft regularly releases patches and service packs for their operating systems that may contain fixes for BSOD error.

6. Check the system and application logs

You can check the System and Application logs in Event Viewer for errors or warnings that might provide useful clues on the cause of the BSOD. So that you can fix the problem pertinently.

7. Return BIOS to default settings

An overclocked or misconfigured BIOS can cause all sorts of random issues, including BSODs. 

  • Go to C: > Windows > Software Distribution > Download and delete all the files stored in this folder. Also, delete the $Windows.~BT folder located in the root directory of "C:".
  • After deleting these files, reboot your computer. Go to the BIOS (press the F12 or Delete key while booting up) and enable UEFI Boot.
  • Disable all overclocking options for your processor, if you have set it higher than default values.

8. Reinstall Windows

If all the above methods cannot help you solve the Stop Error, you can try resetting Windows or performing a clean install. Make sure that you have backed-up all important data to an external hard drive before doing reinstalling Windows. 

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