Windows is the most popular operating system in the world, but it's not without its fair share of problems. Over time, Windows can cause various issues that can lead to performance problems, instability, and even data loss. Some Windows issues include slow or unresponsive performance, frequent crashes or blue screens, incomplete updates, strange error messages or pop-ups, or programs not working correctly.

Suppose you're experiencing any of the Windows system problems. Don't fret. Fortunately, there are many ways for Windows repair. In this article, we'll look at some of the most common Windows problems and repair tools. Read on for help. 

4 Biggest Windows Problems (Detailed Info)

Windows has several well-known issues that can cause inconveniences for users. Here are four of the most severe Windows system issues:

1. Getting Windows Ready Stuck

The "Getting Windows ready. Don't turn off your computer" message appears when Windows is in the process of applying updates to your system. These updates can include new features, security patches, and other improvements. When the updates are being installed, it's important not to turn off your computer, as this can cause the updates to fail and create problems with your system.

getting Windows ready stuck

If your computer is stuck on getting windows ready screen, it's best to wait until the process is finished. Depending on the size and number of updates being installed, this process can take a few minutes or even an hour or more. Once the updates are installed, your computer will restart, and you'll be able to use it as usual. 

Learn more:

The computer may still not respond after you wait a long time. So you need to take other methods to troubleshoot getting Windows ready stuck problem.

2. WHEA Uncorrectable Error

WHEA uncorrectable error is a type of hardware error that can occur when your computer starts up. When the problem arises, your computer will typically display a blue screen with an error message like the following screenshot displays. 

whea uncorrectable error

WHEA uncorrectable error is a severe problem that can cause your computer to crash, and in some cases, it can even lead to data loss. So, taking care of it as soon as possible is essential. To fix the issue, you'll need to identify the cause. In most cases, it will either be an overheating processor, faulty memory, failing hard drive, or an improperly configured CPU. 

If your processor is overheating, try cooling it down with a cooling pad or fan. Or you can reset the memory modules if the WHEA uncorrectable error is being caused by faulty memory. 

Learn more:

Except for the above two quick fixes, other advanced solutions to solving Windows 10 WHEA uncorrectable error are ready to help you. 

3. Windows 10 Won't Shut Down

If your Windows 10 won't shut down, don't worry - you're not alone. Many Windows 10 users have reported this issue, which can be frustrating.

A few things that can lead Windows 10 to refuse to shut down. One reason could be that there are still programs running in the background, even though it may appear that all programs have been closed. Windows 10 automatically updates itself, which can sometimes lead to the computer not shutting down properly. Still, power settings, corrupted system files, or BIOS can interfere with the shutting down process. 

Luckily, you can fix the Windows won't shut down issue differently. From easy to difficult, these methods include checking your power settings, updating drives, fixing corrupted system files, troubleshooting Windows updates, etc. 

Learn more:

If you're a regular user and don't know how to deal with Windows 10 won't shut down error, here's a beginner's guide step-by-step.

4. Blue Screen of Death

A blue screen of death (also known as a blue screen or BSOD) is an error screen that is displayed on a Windows computer system after a fatal system error. 

blue screen of death

Blue screen of death errors are usually caused by hardware problems, such as faulty RAM, overheating components, or hardware that is not compatible with the rest of the system. Software errors can also result in BSOD when the software is not compatible with the hardware or if it is not properly configured. If you are getting Blue Screen of Death, it is crucial to find out what is causing them and fix the problem before it seriously damages your computer or even causes data loss.

Learn more:

Do you want to know how to solve the blue screen of death without losing any data? Here's what to do. 

How to Repair Windows 10 Without Losing Data 

The Windows problems are certainly not limited to those stated above. No matter what problems you are running into, keeping your computer data secure is the ultimate goal. Therefore, we strongly recommend that you recover data from your computer first.

EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard enables you to restore lost data from both bootable and unbootable computers. It supports data recovery on Windows 11, Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, and all the Windows Server versions. 

 Download for Win Recovery Rate 99.7%
 Download for Mac Trustpilot Rating 4.7

Windows 10 can't boot properly? Learn how to use EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard Pro with Bootable Media to recover data from a dead hard drive and inaccessible Windows computer.

Step 1. Download EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard WinPE Edition to create a bootable disk.

create a bootable USB

Step 2. Connect the bootable disk to your computer. Restart your computer and press F2 at the same time to enter BIOS. Choose to boot your device from the bootable USB. 

Step 3. Run EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard. Scan for your lost files to recover. 

recover data from Windows 10

After successful data recovery, follow the approaches below for Windows 10 boot repair

Fix 1. Run Command Prompt for Windows Repair

Some Windows malfunctions or crashes result from system file corruption. Use the DISM (Deployment Image Servicing and Management) and SFC (System File Checker) Windows repair tools to scan and fix Windows. 

Here's how to do it: 

Step 1. First, you'll need to boot into the recovery environment. To do this, simply hold down the Shift key while clicking the Restart option in the Start menu.

Step 2. Once in the recovery environment, select "Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Command Prompt".

Step 3. Type the following commands in order to repair your Windows 10. 

  • Input DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth to repair any corrupt files that may be causing issues. 
  • Input sfc /scannow to scan for and replace any corrupted system files.
  • Type in Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth once again to ensure that all necessary files are in place.

After you've run these commands, reboot your computer, and you should be good to go!

Fix 2. Use Automatic/Startup Repair Windows 10 

Automatic repair, also called startup repair, is a built-in repair tool that can troubleshoot and fix common problems with your Windows installation on Windows 10/8/7. 

To use Automatic Repair, follow these simple steps:

Step 1. Press Windows + I keys to open Settings. Then, go to Update & Security > Recovery > Advanced startup > click Restart now.

Step 2. On the WinRE screen, select "Troubleshoot"> "Advanced Options".

Step 3. Select "Automatic Repair" under Advanced options, and click select "Automatic/Startup" Repair.

windows automatic startup repair

Windows 10 will now attempt to repair your installation. The process takes some time, and your computer may even boot. If it is successful, click "Finish" and reboot your PC.

If Automatic Repair is unsuccessful and you ran into preparing automatic repair loop or Windows cannot repair this computer automatically, you'll need to troubleshoot the issue further to find a solution. But in many cases, Automatic Repair can successfully repair a corrupt or damaged Windows 10 installation.

Fix 3. Windows Repair Services

The final way for Windows repair is using a professional and reliable Windows repair service. EaseUS Data Recovery Service can help you solve any system startup errors without data loss, including system failure, system blue screen, system black screen, and so on. Click here to contact our experts for a free evaluation, they could offer the following services after FREE diagnosis:

  • Fix Windows boot issues, including BSOD
  • Fix Windows error and configure Windows environment
  • Restore the system when it fails to boot
  • Optimize Windows computer to make it run quickly

Here we show you three of the most common methods for Windows repair. If these don't solve your problems, don't be discouraged. Go to our Windows 10 fixes feature page for more instructions.

Learn more:

To obtain the complete tutorials for Windows 10 repair, check all the 6 effective ways to repair Windows 10

Windows 11 Repair in Every Way

As with Windows 10, you will encounter many system problems when running Windows 11, such as boot problems, upgrade troubles, black of screen death, etc. 

Fix 1. Boot Into Safe Mode

One of the most common issues with Windows 11 is that it won't boot up properly. If this is happening to you, one of the first things you should try is using the "Safe Mode" option. To do this:

Step 1. restart your computer and press the "F8" key when the boot screen appears. This will bring up a menu of options.

Step 2. Select "Safe Mode" from this menu and press Enter. 

safe mode

Step 3. Once your computer has booted into Safe Mode, try restarting it to see if the issue has been resolved.

Fix 2. Perform System Restore to Repair Windows 11

If you're still having trouble with your Windows 11 system, you can try using the "System Restore" to repair Windows 11. This will restore your system to a previous state of working properly. To use this feature:

Step 1. Click on the "Start" button and type "System Restore" into the search box. 

Step 2. Once the System Restore window appears, select a restore point before the date you started experiencing issues with your system. 

Step 3. Follow the prompts to complete the restore process and restart your computer.

Fix 3. Perform a Clean Install of Windows 11

If these don't work, you may need to perform a clean install of the operating system. This should only be done as a last resort, as it will erase all of the data on your hard drive. So, remember to restore data from unbootable at the beginning. To do a clean install:

Insert the Windows 11 installation disc into your computer and follow the prompts to complete the process. Be sure to back up your important data before starting the clean install process.

Learn more:

We'll walk you through the most effective and comprehensive methods for Windows 11 repair. Complete the entire reading. 


You may encounter various Windows problems, ranging from failed startup, blue screen of death, crashed or inaccessible system. The reasons might be corrupted Windows registry, incompatible or outdated drivers, virus or malware attack, corrupt or damaged Windows installation, etc. 

Once you are stuck in Windows startup or update issues, you can troubleshoot in several ways, including running the Windows Startup repair tool, fixing system files with CMD, resorting to Windows repair services, or even performing a system restore.

No matter which method you take, rescue and recover your data first with a reliable file recovery tool in advance to avoid further damage. 

 Download for Win Recovery Rate 99.7%
 Download for Mac Trustpilot Rating 4.7

Was This Page Helpful?

Updated by Roxanne

Roxanne is one of the main contributors to EaseUS and has created over 200 posts that help users solve multiple issues and failures on digital devices like PCs, Mobile phones, tablets, and Macs. She loves to share ideas with people of the same interests.

Read full bio

Written by Cedric

Cedric Grantham is a senior editor and data recovery specialist of EaseUS. He mainly writes articles and how-to tips about data recovery on PC and Mac. He has handled 10,000+ data recovery cases and is good at data recovery of NTFS, FAT (FAT32 and ExFAT) file systems, and RAID structure reorganization.

Read full bio