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CHKDSK Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

Are you receiving the CHKDSK Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process message when trying to run the CHKDSK program from the terminal? Then follow this guide to find out the reason and what you can do to fix it.

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Updated on May 10, 2024

CHKDSK Can't Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process is a message the tool displays when a user tries to run the command when logged into Windows.

To properly scan and fix potential errors, CHKDSK needs exclusive access, which can be achieved by scheduling it to run before Windows fully loads or running it in the recovery environment.

Now that we know the error and its reason, we can back up critical data before starting and executing CHKDSK. If you find all this complex, you can skip to Part 3 for the best alternative to CHKDSK - EaseUS Partition Master, in disk scanning and repairing. 

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Fixes: CHKDSK Cannot Run Because the Volume Is in Use by Another Process

To resolve this issue, you can follow the fixes mentioned below. This will ensure that the volume is not in use, allowing CHKDSK to perform its tasks.

Fix 1. Close Other Programs Using CHKDSK

Closing all the running applications might be a solution to the "CHKDSK cannot run because volume is in use" error. A few clicks can close all programs without a moment's delay quickly.

Press Ctrl + Alt + Delete and afterward Alt + T to open Task Manager. Then, press the down arrow key on your keyboard and Shift + down to choose every one of the running programs. At the moment when they're all selected, press Alt + E, followed by Alt + F, lastly X from your keyboard to close Task Manager. That will close all the running programs and might become a solution to the "CHKDSK cannot run because the volume" issue.

end tasks

Note: When you finish a task, the application will close instantly, so be sure you have saved any unfinished work before you end a task. Additionally, avoid ending any system processes, which could lead to system instability or even a crash.

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Fix 2. Run CHKDSK After a Reboot

Running CHKDSK after rebooting your PC can be one of the possible solutions to the "Windows cannot run disk checking" error. Here's how:

  • Launch Run by pressing Win + R.
  • Type cmd in the Run window and hold the keys Ctrl+Shift+Enter simultaneously to open a new window.
  • In the new window, enter the command "CHKDSK C:/r/x" and press the "Enter" key.
  • From your keyboard, click "Y" and then the "Enter" key. A message pops up, "This volume will be checked the next time the system restarts."
  • Once you restart your PC, it will run the Check Disk Utility on the System Drive

schedule the volume to be checked after a reboot

Fix 3. Running CHKDSK from the Pre-Boot Environment

Running CHKDSK from the Pre-Boot Environment effectively diagnoses and potentially repairs disk issues before the operating system starts. This approach ensures a comprehensive inspection and can often resolve problems. Let us see how:

Step 1. Press the Windows key + R to launch and open the Run box.

Step 2. Type ms-settings:recovery and press OK.

Step 3. Press the Restart Now button next to Advanced Startup. Then click Restart now when prompted, and remember to save all your work before doing so.

run chkdsk from a pre boot

Step 4. In the next window, navigate to the Troubleshoot option and press the Advanced options button.

Step 5. Open Command Prompt and type the chkdsk command.

Step 6. Select the account you want to continue working within the following window.

Step 7. Type your account password in the dialog box that appears, then select Continue.

Step 8. Now, type CHKDSK C:/r/x into the CMD window and press Enter on the keyboard.

Step 9. Type in the chkdsk command. After the program has finished running, click Continue and close the window.

Best Alternative to CHKDSK in Disk Scanning and Repairing

EaseUS Partition Master is designed to help you manage your computer's hard disk partitions. However, your hard drive may occasionally show errors or irregularities in its ability to store information.  Many reasons, including sudden power failures, software malfunctions, or even physical damage to the disk, may cause this.

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You can check your partitions for these issues using the EaseUS Partition Master function. If it finds a problem, it might show a check file system error message. This feature will scan the disk or partition and repair the error. The option is available under Advanced > Check File System and appears when you right-click on it. Here is how:

Step 1. Open EaseUS Partition Master on your computer. Then, locate the disk, right-click the partition you want to check, and choose "Advanced" > "Check File System".

choose Check Partition

Step 2. In the Check File System window, keep the "Try to fix errors if found" option selected and click "Start".

check the pop-up instructions

Step 3. The software will begin checking your partition file system on your disk. When it completes, click "Finish".

finish partition check

To manage your disks in Windows, EaseUS Partition Master can do the following advanced tasks:

Do not miss this disk manager, and install it on your PC to help.

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If CHKDSK can't run because the volume is in use by another process, it indicates that a service or application on your computer is using the drive. So, you can run CHKDSK from the Pre-Boot Environment or perform disk scanning and repairing using the third-party tool EaseUS Partition Master. To avoid data loss, do not forget to save any open files and end all active applications before launching CHKDSK.

CHKDSK Can't Run Because the Volume In Use FAQs

If you have more questions about CHKDSK can't run because the volume is in use by another process, check out the frequently asked questions and their answers given below:

1. How to fix CHKDSK cannot run because the volume is in use by another process?

To resolve this, use chkdsk C: /r /x in the command prompt to schedule CHKDSK to run at the next system restart. Alternatively, you can launch CHKDSK from the Windows Recovery Environment or use the Task Manager to end any open processes before launching CHKDSK.

2. How do I run CHKDSK on a specific volume?

Open and run Command Prompt as administrator and type chkdsk [volume]: /f /r to execute CHKDSK on a specified volume. Replace [volume] with the drive letter you want to check (e.g., chkdsk C: /f /r). Press the Enter key, and CHKDSK will start running at the specific volume.

3. How to fix Windows can't run disk checking on this volume because it is write protected?

You may encourter the Windows cannot run disk checking on this volume because it is write-protected error. This problem usually happens when one of your drives or volumes is read-only or damaged. Using the software, CMD, or Registry Editor will help remove the write protection and resolve the problem.

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About the Author

Updated by Sherly

Sherly joined EaseUS in 2022 and she has always loved writing articles and enjoys the fun they bring. She receives professional training here, focusing on product performance and other relative knowledge. She has written over 200 articles to help people overcome computing issues.

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