How to Recover Files from a Corrupted Hard Drive

Roxanne updated on Sep 17, 2020 to Data Recovery | How-to Articles


Don't know how to recover files from corrupted hard disk? Powerful hard drive recovery software and effective methods are available here to recover data from corrupted hard disk and repair corrupted hard disk drive. Recover data with EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard and then repair the HDD.

Part 1: Recover Data from Corrupted HDD
Part 2: Repair Corrupted HDD

Corrupted Hard Drive Symptoms

Have you ever come across the problem of a corrupted hard drive? When a hard drive is corrupted, you are no longer able to use it although it does show as a disk. And you also encounter the following typical symptoms:

  • Invalid media type reading drive.
  • Abort, Retry, Fail?
  • The file system is displayed as "RAW".
  • Windows may ask if you want to format the drive by warning "disk not formatted. Do you want to format now?"
  • File names contain "weird" characters.
  • "Sector not found" messages.

A corrupted hard drive always contains essential files and folders, how to get data back from it? Is there a useful method to repair hard disk without losing data? Yes. Send it to a specialist shop, and it is going to cost you a bomb to retrieve all your data. So the best choice is to recover files from the corrupted drive with bootable data recovery software. The hard disk recovery software - EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard can recover files from a deleted, formatted and corrupted hard drive.

How to Recover Files from a Corrupted/Crashed Hard Drive

EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard has a user-friendly interface for you to recover files from the corrupted hard drive. Supports all popular brands like SanDisk, Samsung, Western Digital, etc. If you cannot boot the computer after the hard drive was corrupted, you can create WinPE bootable CD/DVD of EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard to recover lost data.

This software also supports all Windows such as Windows 10/8/7 etc. It allows you to fully restore lost Windows files such as to recover deleted files from Windows 8.

Step 1. Choose a location to scan.

Make sure that all hard drives and other devices were correctly connected and recognized by the software. Refresh an external device if necessary. From which drive was data lost? Choose the relevant hard drive partition by left-clicking on it. Click the Scan button.

select a location and click scan

Step 2. Wait for the scanning results.

It takes a while for EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard to complete the scan, all depending on how much disk space is used on the selected hard drive. As you see, the "Deleted files" result would come our first, later it's all lost data result. You can try to recover lost data as soon as it shows up even though the scanning process has not finished yet.

scan the disk

Step 3. Preview the result and recover data.

Preview and choose the files you want, click "Recover" button to save them to a safe place. You'd better choose a different drive to avoid data overwriting.

recover data from the disk

How to Fix or Repair Corrupted Hard Disk Drive (4 Ways )

After restoring lost files from the corrupted hard disk drive, how to deal with the corrupted hard disk? Let it go? Just give it up? Nope! Here below, we'll provide you a few tips for you to try and repair corrupted hard disk drive:

Tip 1. Run CHKDSK to Repair Corrupted Hard Disk Drive (File System Errors)

If the hard disk drive has bad sectors or internal errors, the hard disk can corrupt very easily. And if you know how to run CHKDSK command in your PC, it will be effortless for you to fix hard disk corrupted issue. Let's see how to run CHKDSK and repair corrupted hard disk drive now:

  • Press Win + X, select "Command Prompt (Admin)".
  • Click "Yes" to launch Command Prompt as Administrator.
  • Type: chkdsk and hit "Enter" to check errors in the corrupted hard drive.
  • Type:  chkdsk D: /f /r/x to let CHKDSK fix the drive. (D is the drive letter of your corrupted hard drive)

 fix the corrupted hard disk

If the target drive is a boot disk, the system will ask you if you want to run the command before the next boot. Type: yes and hit "Enter" to restart the computer. The command will run before the operating system loads, allowing it to gain full access to the disk and repair corrupted drive.

Tip 2. Run a Thorough Disk Check to Fix Corrupted Hard Disk

  • Open This PC or Computer, right-click the hard drive and select Properties.
  • Click Tools > Tab Error checking > Click Check now.
  • Select Check local disk and click Start.
  • Close all running and open programs, select the option to let the system check upon the next boot.
  • After this, restart PC.

check disk and fix the corrupted hard disk

If it reports that your drive has 'bad sectors or clusters', don't worry. CHKDSK command in Tip one will fix this issue.

Tip 3. Repair Corrupted System Drive from Control Panel

  • Press Win + X, select Control Panel.
  • Click System and Security > Tab Action Center > Expand Maintenance and click Run Scan.
  • Click Restart.

repair corrupted system hard drive

Tip 4. Use File Manager to Fix Corrupted Non-System Drive

  • Press  Win + E to open File Manager, right-click the appropriate drive from the left pane.
  • Select Properties and click Tools > click Check under Error Checking.
  • Click Repair This Drive when the scan completes fixing the drive errors.

After all these steps, you've successfully recovered data from the corrupted hard drive and fix the corrupted hard disk issue. Now you can reuse the hard disk drive to store and save data again. If you are facing a similar problem on your corrupted hard drive, external hard drive or USB, etc. storage devices, don't worry. Just follow this article to get your problem fixed without losing any data now.

Was This Page Helpful?


Frequently Asked Questions

1. Why choose EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard?

"EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard is the best we've seen. It's far from perfect, partly because today's advanced disk technology makes data-recovery more difficult than it was with the simpler technology of the past, but it's fast and efficient..."PCMag

"The first thing you'll notice about EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard Pro is that its interface is very clear and uncluttered, with only a small collection of self-explanatory controls. You won't find lots of extra options hidden in a system of hidden menus, either; what you see really is what you get."techradar

"Recover lost files, even after deleting a partition or formatting your drive."Macworld

2. Why cannot I recover 2GB data for free?

It is recommended to check the version installed is Free or Trial because they are different versions.

Trial has data preview function but cannot save any files, while the Free version enables to recover 2 GB files. The default free space is 500 MB and you may share the product on social media to get another 1.5 GB.

3. Why cannot the recovered files be opened?

A file is saved as 2 parts on the storage device: directory info (which is comprised by file name, time stamp and size info, etc.) and data content.

If the files with original file names and folder structures cannot be opened, one possible reason is the corrupted directory info. There is still a chance to recover the data content with the RAW Recovery method in our software.

4. Why isn't it suggested to recover the files back to the original drive?

The storage structure of the lost files would be altered or damaged by any changes on the drive. If you save the recovered files back to the same drive, the original data structures and data content would be corrupted or overwritten, which causes permanent data loss. So you should prepare another disk to save the files.

5. How can I check whether my data is recoverable or not before purchase?

The Free version helps you save 2GB files to better verify the recovery quality of our product before purchase.

6. How long does it take to scan the drive?

It strongly depends on the capacity of your hard drive and the performance of your computer. As reference,most drive recoveries can be completed in around 10 to 12 hours for a 1-TB healthy hard drive in general conditions.

About Data Recovery Wizard

It's super easy to recover 250+ types of files after deletion, disk formatting and virus infection. Click the links and compare the difference of each version.