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|Format USB to FAT 32 & NTFS||Step 1: Select the USB drive to format; Step 2: Set the drive letter and file system on USB...Full steps|
|Convert FAT32 to NTFS Without Losing Data||Step 1: Install and launch EaseUS Partition Master on your computer. Step 2: Select a FAT32 partition....Full steps|
As a tiny, portable and somewhat capacious removable storage media, the USB flash drive, thumb drive or USB stick seems to be seen everywhere among modern computer users. What are the purposes of owning a flash drive? In general, we use a USB drive mainly for transferring files across operating systems and different devices, or making a bootable USB drive for booting up a failed or crashed computer.
In order to make full use of a USB drive's capacity and performance, it's essential to format it with an appropriate, compatible and efficient file system. Do you know what is the best file system for a USB drive? Should you choose FAT32 or NTFS while formatting the USB flash drive?
EaseUS Partition Master Free is your optimal choice to format the USB drive to FAT32 or NTFS in Windows 10/8/7:
Here we will explain reasons and give answers to whether you should format USB drive to FAT32 or NTFS with the best USB format tool.
What Are File Systems?
A file system can be interpreted as an index or database containing physical location of every piece of data on a storage drive. The structure and logic rules used to manage the groups of data and their names is called a file system.
A Windows computer, Mac, smartphone, Xbox and any place that stores data must adopt particular kinds of file systems to read, write, store and organize data on various storage media, including a flash drive, memory card, pen drive, hard drive, HDD or SSD. In simple terms, without a matched file system, the media will be totally useless as it cannot be recognized at all by your certain device.
There are many different kinds of file systems. Each one has different structure and logic, properties of speed, flexibility, security, size, etc. Following examples are the most commonly acknowledged and used file systems on popular operating systems.
Don't miss: completely free FAT32 & NTFS formatter for USB
NTFS: (NT File System) It's the default file system for all Windows versions.
HFS+: (Hierarchical File System) It's the default file system for macOS versions.
APFS: (Proprietary Apple File System) It's developed as a replacement for HFS+ since the release of iOS 10.3 and macOS 10.13.
FAT32: (File Allocation Table 32) It's an older standard Windows file system before NTFS.
exFAT: (extended File Allocation Table) It's developed based on FAT32 and offers a lightweight system without all the overhead of NTFS.
EXT2, 3 & 4: (Extend File System) It's initially created specifically for Linux.
FAT32 vs. NTFS: What Are the Differences?
Now you should have a basic understanding of a variety of file systems in prevalence. When it comes to the final selection for a USB flash drive between FAT32 or NTFS, which one will you choose?
Following is an overall explanation of each.
FAT32 is compatible with all operating systems since it's a simple file system and has been around for a really long time. In contrast, NTFS is more robust and effective than FAT as it adopts advanced data structures to improve reliability, disk space utilization and overall performance. The application of NTFS has grown but FAT32 is still more universal.
What's more, FAT32 can be converted to NTFS but it's getting hard to convert NTFS back to FAT, due to the facts that NTFS has great security, file by file compression, quotas and file encryption.
Don't miss: completely free FAT32 & NTFS formatter for USB
FAT32 or NTFS? Which One Should You Choose?
If you're looking to decide which file system to use when formatting a USB drive, most of all, you should consider two of the most important aspects: portability and file size limits when made your own decision.
As you can judge from the comparison table, FAT32 is almost supported by all operating systems, only to notice that it cannot transfer or store a single file larger than 4GB & max partition size should be under 2TB in size. However, NTFS seems to have no limit in dealing with extremely large files and partition sizes.
In one word, it's a good idea to choose your own format like this:
If you'd like to use the USB on older computers, or non-PC systems like digital picture frames, TV sets, printers or projectors, choose FAT32 because it is universally supported; In addition, if you're using multiple different operating systems in one same computer, FAT32 is also a nice choice.
While if you're using the USB drive as a Windows computer backup drive, to store high-definition videos, movies, pictures and any other large files, at the same time, asking for a high security, choose NTFS.
What's the Best USB Format Tool?
Once made your own decision as above guided, it's time to format your USB drive a desired file system. No matter it's a newly bought flash drive or a used one, you can directly use a free USB format tool to format the USB drive to FAT32 or NTFS.
As a matter of fact, in Windows OS for example, there are many accessible ways for users to format a disk. The most familiar ones are Windows File Explorer, Windows Disk Management and Windows Command Prompt. Here we introduce none of them. Instead, we show you a third-party Windows USB format program - EaseUS Partition Master Free, which will greatly ease your worry of encountering the problem of "Format option is greyed out", "Windows cannot complete the format", etc. What's more, the third-party software is free, user-friendly, powerful and be able to convert FAT32 to NTFS without losing data, which the aforementioned programs cannot handle that.
Guide 1: Format USB to FAT32 & NTFS
Step 1. Select the USB drive to format.
Connect the USB drive or pen drive to your computer. Download and launch EaseUS partition software. Right-click the USB drive you intend to format and choose "Format".
Step 2. Set the drive letter and file system on USB.
Assign a new partition label, file system (NTFS/FAT32/EXT2/EXT3/EXT4/exFAT), and cluster size to the selected partition, then click "OK".
Step 3. Check "Yes" to confirm formatting USB.
Click "Yes" if you see the Warning window. If you have important data on it, back up the data in advance.
Step 4. Apply the changes.
Click the "Execute 1 Task(s)" button first, and then click "Apply" to format the USB drive.
Guide 2: Convert FAT32 USB to NTFS without Losing Data
Step 1. Install and launch EaseUS Partition Master on your computer.
Step 2. On Partition Manager, right-click on a FAT32 partition and click "Advanced", select "NTFS to FAT".
Step 3. Click "Proceed" on the pop-up dialog box to continue.
Step 4. Click "Apply" to start the converting process. Wait until the operation process is finished.
On this page, we answered the question of which format should you set to a USB flash drive, FAT32 or NTFS. The best way is to set the desired file system format to the USB drive based on your needs.
While switching file system format, you may need a reliable file system converter or USB format tool for help. EaseUS Partition Master with its Format and Convert to FAT/NTFS features can fulfill your demands and set the desired file system format to your USB drive in simple clicks.
If you like this page, you can also click the buttons below to share it with other people who are confused about FAT32 or FTFS for USB.
FAQs About FAT32 or NTFS for USB
If you have further more questions about FAT32 or NTFS for USB, follow and find answers here:
1. Should I use NTFS for USB?
The answer is no. And you don't really need to use NTFS on USB drives as long as the file size is smaller than 4GB in size. When the file size is more than 4GB, you'll need to use NTFS for USB drives.
2. What is the best format type for USB?
The best file system format type for USB is FAT32 when the storage capacity is 32GB or smaller in size. And when the USB storage capacity goes up to 64GB or even bigger, the best format type is exFAT.
3. Should I convert FAT32 to NTFS?
When you want to switch the file system format on a USB or other storage devices between FAT32 and NTFS without formatting, you can turn to a reliable FAT32 to NTFS file system converter software or tool for help. EaseUS Partition Master with its Convert to NTFS feature can fulfill your need here. It enables you to efficiently switch file system from FAT32 to NTFS on all types of storage devices for free without formatting.
How Can We Help You
About the Author
Updated by Cici
Cici has accepted the systematic training on computers at EaseUS. Now she has a detailed understanding of common computer issues, as well as computer backups and disk formatting management solutions.
Written by Jean
Since graduating from university, Jean has been writing tech articles and has been a valuable member of the EaseUS team for over 5 years. Her areas of expertise include data recovery, disk partitioning, data backup, and multimedia world.
I love that the changes you make with EaseUS Partition Master Free aren't immediately applied to the disks. It makes it way easier to play out what will happen after you've made all the changes. I also think the overall look and feel of EaseUS Partition Master Free makes whatever you're doing with your computer's partitions easy. Read More
Partition Master Free can Resize, Move, Merge, Migrate, and Copy disks or partitions; convert to local, change label, defragment, check and explore partition; and much more. A premium upgrade adds free tech support and the ability to resize dynamic volumes. Read More
It won't hot image your drives or align them, but since it's coupled with a partition manager, it allows you do perform many tasks at once, instead of just cloning drives. You can move partitions around, resize them, defragment, and more, along with the other tools you'd expect from a cloning tool. Read More
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