NTFS or exFAT for External Hard Drive: Which Format is Better for External Hard Drive
"ExFAT or NTFS? I'm curious about this, and i can't seem to find a straight-forward answer: Which is better, ExFAT or NTFS? I understand that ExFAT is relatively new. I believe it is geared more towards external devices like flash drive and USB hard drive? What are the advantages and disadvantages for using ExFAT format on such a device?"
Run out of disk space again? Due to the limited space on the internal hard drives, many users choose to store large files on external hard drives or transfer important data via external devices. But there’s more to it than just buying an external drive to store data. If you have checked the post-purchase items, you can see some formats like exFAT, NTFS, and more. Disk format is an organizing principle we use to store data for specific operating systems.
Which format is better? Depending on your needs, you will need to format the external hard drive into NTFS or exFAT. Check for more details in the main part.
NTFS (New Technology File System) is the default file system of the Windows NT environment. The new technology file system is compatible with Windows 2000, Windows XPM, Windows Vista, Windows 7 and Windows 8.1, and Windows NT operating systems. Praised by its improvements, NTFS replaces the old FAT file system. NTFS supports metadata, advanced data structures, reliability, disk space utilization. And more additional functions like encrypting file system, hard links, sparse files, and reparse points.
If you only use a Windows computer, it is recommended to use NTFS format. In general, a Mac computer can only read NTFS. Some devices, such as Xbox One, Xbox 360, and other media players and printers.
exFAT (Extended File Allocation Table File System) is a file suitable for flash memory introduced by Microsoft in Windows Embedded 5.0 and above (including Windows CE 5.0, 6.0, Windows Mobile 5, 6, 6.1)
The system was launched in order to solve the problem that FAT32 and other files do not support 4GB and larger files. For flash drives, memory cards, and flash drives, the NTFS file system is not suitable for use, exFAT is better.
If you are using Windows and Mac computers, exFAT is a good choice. It also works with Xbox One and PS4 but for Xbox 360 and PS3. The downside of exFAT exists on the journal function.
After clearing the basic information of NTFS and exFAT, let's see which format is better for the external hard drive.
As we said above, NTFS is only used for Windows users. If you only want to use an external hard drive on Windows, regardless of other devices, choose this format. If you have purchased a hard drive that is set to NTFS by default, you do not need to reformat it. On the contrary, exFAT is applied to Windows, macOS, Android, smart-TVs, cameras, and other devices. Pick one based on your existing OS.
As we mentioned above, the only drawback to exFAT is the lack of logging, which means data corruption is more likely to occur, such as file loss due to a sudden power outage. While the NTFS has a logging function, which prevents file corruption due to power problems.
NTFS can encrypt files by default while exFAT needs to encrypt them manually.
In theory, the exFAT format supports unlimited storage and supports storing large files, but it is not as good at managing files as NTFS. Because NTFS is mainly used for Windows, so it should apply to a storage limit - 16TB.
Have you decided which format to choose? If so, you can pick the two methods here to finish up the format converter.
How to Format HDD Drive to exFAT
You can also open Disk Management to format an external hard drive as NTFS. Follow steps as follows:
- Press Windows + X shortcut key and click Disk Management.
- Right-click the external hard drive that you want to format.
- Select exFAT on the window and click OK.
How to External Hard Drive to NTFS
Now you can download a straightforward format tool, EaseUS Partition Master Free. You can format the partition to NTFS/FAT32/EXT2/EXT3/EXT4. It is an all-in-one format solution for internal/external hard drives, SD cards, memory, and more.
Download software and do the simple steps:
Step 1. Right-click the hard drive partition and choose the "Format" option.
Step 2. In the new window, set the Partition label, File system, and Cluster size for the partition, then click "OK".
Step 3. You can see a warning window, click "OK" to continue.
Step 4. Click the "Execute Operation" button in the top-left corner, then click "Apply" to start formatting the hard drive partition.
To Sum Up
In this article, we've figured out which format to choose for external hard disk, exFAT or NTFS.
- Applied to multiple operating systems - Choose exFAT.
- Protect data from unexpected corruption - Choose NTFS (Journal function serves as a checkpoint to get unsaved data back.)
- Storage capacity - Choose exFAT (But NTFS also performs well.)
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