How to Perform Free Hard Drive Test or Diagnostic to Repair Disk Errors in Windows 10/8/7

Roxanne updated on May 20, 2020 to Partition Manager | How-to Articles

Drive errors, corruptions, or bad sectors can be caused by improper shutdowns, harmful software, virus attack, etc. Finally, these errors result in Windows 10/8/7 system crash, hard drive failure, data loss disaster, and some other accidents.

Top 4 Methods to Windows 10 Hard Drive Test/Diagnostic

In this case, a regular hard drive diagnostic in Windows 10 is always a good idea if you don't want to be caught by any of these unpleasant problems. There are four ways to perform a free hard drive test in Windows 10/8/7. Follow any one of the methods to solve your problems with ease.

Workable Solutions Step-by-step Troubleshooting
1. Run Disk Doctor Open EaseUS Partition Master on your computer. Then locate the disk, right-click the partition...Full steps
2. Check Windows Properties Open "This PC", right-click the HDD/SSD you want to scan and choose "Properties"...Full steps
3. Use Command Prompt Press the Windows key and type cmd. Right-click "Command Prompt"...Full steps
4. CHKDSK Alternative Download EaseUS Tools M for Free and install it. Open the software...Full steps

Method 1. Perform Hard Drive Error Diagnostic with Software

Applies to Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista, XP

If your Windows 10 computer is throwing up errors, crashing, or otherwise misbehaving, the easiest way to solve it is by turning to an error-checking software. And my suggestion is EaseUS disk error checking software - EaseUS Partition Master Free. Even you don't have much technical know-how, you can quickly check and repair disk errors with this freeware. This free software can not only test and fix disk errors, but also have many other disk management skills.


You can use this software to test and repair your hard disk health for errors, corruption, and bad sectors and get better performance.

Perform disk check on Windows 10:

Download Now

 Windows 10 is supported


Step 1: Open EaseUS Partition Master on your computer. Then locate the disk, right-click the partition you want to check, and choose "Check File System".

Check Partition - Step 1

Step 2: In the Check File System window, keep the "Try to fix errors if found" option selected and click "Start".

Check Partition - Step 2

Step 3: The software will begin checking your partition file system on your disk. When it has completed, click "Finish".

Check Partition - Step 3

It is simple and easy to test a hard drive in Windows 10/8/7 with EaseUS partition magic software.

Download Now

 Windows 10 is supported

Method 2. Perform Hard Drive Error Check with Windows Properties

Windows has a built-in tool that can scan your disk to find system errors and bad sectors and show if there are any problems with your hard drive. This function can scan and fix problems. Here is the way to check hard disk health and repair bad sectors and errors, if possible.

Step 1. Open "This PC", right-click the HDD/SSD you want to scan and choose "Properties".

Step 2. Under the "Tools" tab, click the "Check" button under the Error checking section.

Step 3. Next, you can choose to Scan or Repair the drive if errors were found.

Step 4. When the scanning finishes, click on the Show Details link to see the CHDSK log in Event Viewer.

perform hard drive test windows 10 with properties

Method 3. Use Command Prompt to Perform Hard Drive Diagnostic

Another way to perform a disk diagnostic in Windows 10 is by using CMD. Whenever you find your hard drive performs poorly, you can run CHKDSK to do the job. Here's how to run CHKDSK to repair disk errors in Windows 10. 

Step 1. Press the Windows key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Enter the following command:

Click to copy

"E" is the drive letter of the partition you want to check and repair errors. Found errors will be fixed automatically with this command.

run windows 10 disk diagnostic with CMD

Step 4. In case of possible system file corruption, you are recommended to run the System File Checker tool to repair missing or corrupted system files after running CHKDSK. In the Command Prompt, type the following command and hit "Enter".

Click to copy

Also read: CHKDSK cannot continue in read-only mode

Method 4. Check and Repair Disk Using CHKDSK Alternative (Also Free)

If you don't have any technical know-how and want to minimize data risks, using third-party software could be a better choice. The Command line is suitable for computer professionals since wrong commands can cause severe problems. Therefore, we strongly recommend you try an automatic command line alternative.

EaseUS Tools M is a practical computer fixing tool that is safe and light-weighted. It's a perfect alternative to CHKDSK command. Use this one-click tool to solve your computer issues.

To fix file system error or disk error:

Step 1: DOWNLOAD EaseUS Tools M for Free and install it.

Step 2: Open the software and select the "File showing" option. 

Step 3: Choose the drive and wait for repairing. After the operation completes, click the "View" button to check the drive. 

select the drive and check off file system error


If you are looking for hard drive diagnostics (SD card, Flash USB and SSD drives), turn to this content for help. The four ways above can always make hard drive error checking easy and fast.

Disk Doctor Windows 10 Related Questions

If you want to get some further help or additional information, read these questions and answers below.

1. How to run CHKDSK?

To run CHKDSK:

Step 1. Press the Windows key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Enter the following command:

chkdsk E: /f /r /x

2. How to check the disk for free?

EaseUS partition tool makes it effortless check disk:

Step 1. Open EaseUS Partition Master on your computer. Locate the disk, right-click the partition, and choose "Check File System".

Step 2. In the Check File System window, keep the "Try to fix errors if found" option selected and click "Start".

Step 3. When it has completed, click "Finish".

3. Is it free to perform disk error checking?

Yes, it is. There are four ways to test your hard drive:

  • Perform Hard Drive Error Diagnostic with Software
  • Make use of Windows Properties.
  • Use Command Prompt 
  • Try CHKDSK Alternative

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Frequently Asked Questions

Why Choose EaseUS Partition Master?

"I've used Partition Master Professional many times to create, delete, format, move, rename, and resize partitions."PCWorld

"Partitioning tools have come a very long since the days of complicated command line utilities and EASEUS Partition Master is one of the most advanced programs available."TECH ADVISOR

"I love that the changes you make with EaseUS Partition Master Free aren't immediately applied to the disks. It makes it way easier to play out what will happen after you've made all the changes."Lifewire

Will the "Migrate OS" feature transfer the Windows system files only or the whole C drive?

To ensure that the migrated system will boot normally, the Migrate OS feature will transfer all the files in the system and the boot partitions. Generally, the boot partition is the C drive so the transfer will include all the files in C.

Does EaseUS Partition Master license apply to multiple computers?

The license of Partition Master Professional and Server editions can be used on 1 computer only, while that for for the Technician and Unlimited editions can be used on multiple machines.

What is the difference between EaseUS Partition Master Trial version and the Free version?

Free is for home users only, with most basic functions available such as partition resize and clone. While trial can help you understand how this product works and test what a full license can do on a business or server OS machine.

Will it cause any data loss after resizing the partition in EaseUS Partition Master?

Generally, it will not cause any data loss or boot issue by resizing a partition. However, in order to protect your data, we suggest that you backup the partition before resizing, in case of any unexpected situations such as power outages, computer hardware failures, etc. You can use EaseUS Todo Backup to backup the partition and its trial version is fully functioned for 30 days.

What should I prepare before resizing the partition?

On the partition that is going to be operated, there might be some files being occupied by other programs. To ensure a successful operation, we suggest that you close all the unnecessary software before resizing that partition. Otherwise, EaseUS Partition Master will detect the partition being locked by the other software and require a reboot to resize the partition under boot mode.

About EaseUS Partition Master

All-round disk & partition management software for personal and commercial use. Let it manage your storage drive: resize, format, delete, clone, convert, etc.

Video Tutorial

How to Partititon a Hard Drive on Windows 10/8/7