EaseUS Partition Master

How to Check External Hard Drive Health on Windows 10/11 [Step-by-Step Guide]

This article gives two detailed ways to help check external hard drive health on Windows 10/11 and covers a professional hard drive health monitor.

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure


Page Table of Contents

Updated by


Written by


Updated on Apr 22, 2024

External hard drives have become increasingly popular because they are portable, small, and affordable. However, external hard drive users may still face the danger of data loss because the lifespan of external hard drives is affected by many factors, such as temperature, environment, specific usage, etc.

So how can we reduce data loss in this case? The answer is to check external HDD health regularly. However, how to check the external hard drive health? Continue to read, and you can get step-by-step guides on this issue. First, let's use the easier way.

How to Check External Hard Drive Health on Windows 10/11

Here, we discovered 2 efficient ways that you can follow to check the external hard drive status with ease.

Two methods for helping monitor external disk health:
Via EaseUS Partition Master

#1. Via EaseUS Partition Master

EaseUS Partition Master can efficiently test the health condition of your external hard drive in case an unexpected error damages your data. This tool can check all the SMART statuses related to external hard drive health, such as temperature and status, power on hours/count, unsafe shutdowns, and so on. Download and try it now.

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

Let's learn more about it:

  • System supported: Windows 11/10/8.1/7, Windows XP/Vista
  • Operation difficulty: Low
  • Interface: Clear
  • Targeted users: All users

Step 1. Launch EaseUS Partition Master and click the blue arrow to activate the "Disk Health" feature under the "Discovery" section.

click the bule arrow

Step 2. Select the target disk and click the "Refresh" button. Then, you can see the health condition of your disk.

choose the target disk

As a trustworthy hard drive health monitor, EaseUS Partition Master can do a lot, such as:

Now, don't hesitate to download this tool to check the health condition of your external hard drive. You can get a detailed result, and you can take some actions based on the result you get.

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

#2. Via CHKDSK

If you're reluctant to download the third-party software, you can use the Windows built-in tool to check. You can know the status of the external hard drive via CHKDSK commands. However, the limitation is you can only get limited data. You can't see any other details this way. If you want to have a simple check, follow the steps below:

Step 1. Right-click the Windows icon and select the "Run" option and type cmd in the Run Window.

Step 2. Type chkdsk in the Command Prompt window and hit "Enter."

Now, Command Prompt will scan your external drive, and it will display the errors, if any.


Here, I list some other topics related to external hard drives, so click them if you are in need of them.

Video Tutorial on Checking the Healthy State for External Disks

This video uncovers 5 methods, including the above 2 solutions, and you can follow to apply these methods in defining your external hard drives' healthy state like an expert:


Regularly checking external hard drive health is of vital importance, which can effectively prevent data loss. You can check external hard disk health via CHDKSK commands; however, you can get a simple result only. If you want to check detailed health conditions, such as temperature and status, we recommend you use EaseUS Partition Master.

EaseUS Partition Master, as a hard drive health monitor, can help check the SMART status of an external hard drive. In this way, you can take action in advance to protect your external hard drive. 

Don't hesitate to download this tool and run an external hard drive health check.

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

Check External Hard Drive Health FAQs

Do you have other questions about checking external hard drive health? This part can help. If you have similar problems, check the answers below.

1. How can I test if my external hard drive is failing?

As mentioned above, you can connect your external hard drive to a Windows PC and follow the steps below:

Step 1. Download and launch EaseUS Partition Master after connecting your external hard drive.

Step 2. Click the "Disk Health" option under the "Discovery" section.

Step 3. Choose the external hard drive and click the "Refresh" button.

Then, you can see the temperature and status of your external hard drive. If anything is abnormal, this tool will let out a warning.

2. How do I know if my external hard drive is physically damaged?

There are special signs when your external hard drive gets physically damaged, such as:

  • Strange sound
  • Computer slows down
  • The operating system fails to start
  • Black screen issue
  • Computer crashes frequently
  • The file takes multiple attempts to open

3. How do I check if my hard drive is in good condition?

You can check hard drive health via CMD, and here are the steps:

Step 1. Hit Windows + R and type cmd in the Run window. Then, hit "Enter" to continue.

Step 2. Type wmic in the Command Prompt window and press the "Enter" key.

Step 3. Finally, type "diskdrive get status" and press "Enter" again.

Step 4. Command Prompt will display all your hard drives' statuses:

  • OK means the hard drive is healthy.
  • Pred Fail means the hard drive may crash anytime soon.

How Can We Help You

About the Author

Updated by Roxanne

Roxanne is one of the main contributors to EaseUS and has created over 200 posts that help users solve multiple issues and failures on digital devices like PCs, Mobile phones, tablets, and Macs. She loves to share ideas with people of the same interests.

Read full bio

Written by Sherly

Sherly joined EaseUS in 2022 and she has always loved writing articles and enjoys the fun they bring. She receives professional training here, focusing on product performance and other relative knowledge. She has written over 200 articles to help people overcome computing issues.

Read full bio

Product Reviews

Product Reviews

TrustScore 4.7 | 49 reviews
  • I love that the changes you make with EaseUS Partition Master Free aren't immediately applied to the disks. It makes it way easier to play out what will happen after you've made all the changes. I also think the overall look and feel of EaseUS Partition Master Free makes whatever you're doing with your computer's partitions easy.

    Read More
  • Partition Master Free can Resize, Move, Merge, Migrate, and Copy disks or partitions; convert to local, change label, defragment, check and explore partition; and much more. A premium upgrade adds free tech support and the ability to resize dynamic volumes.

    Read More
  • It won't hot image your drives or align them, but since it's coupled with a partition manager, it allows you do perform many tasks at once, instead of just cloning drives. You can move partitions around, resize them, defragment, and more, along with the other tools you'd expect from a cloning tool.

    Read More

EaseUS Partition Master

Manage partitions and optimize disks efficiently

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

Get EaseUS Partition Master

Your best companion for disk partitioning, MBR to GPT/GPT to MBR conversion,even OS migration

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure