How to Use Windows File Recovery on Windows 10/11

Learn how to use Windows File Recovery on Windows 10/11 in this comprehensive guide. Find step-by-step instructions and tips to recover lost or deleted files on your Windows computer.

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16 May 2024

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To begin utilizing this tool, you can acquire it from the official Microsoft website. This software is readily available and can be easily installed on your device. Once ready for use, it operates through a command that streamlines the retrieval process of your missing data.

In this post, we'll look at the download process and essential commands, provide a quick and effective solution for recovering your files on Windows 10/11, and show you how to use the Windows File Recovery tool.

Introduction: What Is Windows File Recovery Tool

The functionality of the Windows File Recovery tool is crucial in recovering accidentally deleted files on your Windows 10/11 operating system. It is a powerful ally for those who have encountered data loss for various reasons like unintentional deletion, formatting, or system malfunctions.

We will take a deeper dive into the process of downloading the tool, executing commands, and increasing the likelihood of successfully recovering your lost data. Lost files can disrupt your digital flow, but with our guide on how to use Windows File Recovery, you're just a few steps away from reclaiming control.

Check out the video we have provided for more insights:

  1. 00:09 Download Windows File Recovery
  2. 01:02 Testing Windows Files Recovery
  3. 02:08 Windows Files Recovery command
Windows File Recovery

Alternative: Recover Windows Files with Data Recovery Software

While the Windows File Recovery Tool is a valuable native solution, you may also explore professional data recovery tools like EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard. It employs advanced algorithms to scan storage devices thoroughly, ensuring a high success rate in recovering lost files.

Whether you are looking to recover accidentally deleted documents, photos, or other important files, EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard provides a reliable solution for data retrieval on Windows 10 and Windows 11.

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As an alternative to the native Windows File Recovery Tool, we will now guide you through the process of using EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard. Follow the steps below:

Step 1. Select a folder to scan for lost files

Launch EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard. Double click "Select Folder" to browse the the location where you lost the folder and click "OK" to scan the lost folder. 

select folder to scan

Step 2. Find and preview found files in the lost folder

If you remember the folder name, type the folder name in search box to quickly find the lost files. Then, open the found folder and double-click to preview scanned files. Or you can use the Filter feature to find a certain type of files. 

choose files to recover

Step 3. Recover and save the lost folder 

Last, select the folder and files you need, click "Recover" and choose a new & secure location on your PC or cloud storage like OneDrive, Google Drive, or Dropbox to keep the recovered data. 

Restore lost folder data

If you found this guide helpful, share it with your friends and colleagues who might benefit from learning about effective file recovery methods on Windows. Spread the knowledge and help others regain access to their lost data.


How to Use Windows File Recovery

Microsoft's Windows File Recovery is a dedicated program designed to restore deleted files, offering a solution beyond the typical graphical interface with its command-line utility.

While the absence of a user-friendly interface may seem unconventional for a Microsoft utility available in the Microsoft Store, mastering its capabilities allows for a hands-on file recovery process on both Windows 10 and 11:

🔍1. Default Mode Recovery

Step 1. Initiate a file search using /n and provide the complete path for the desired file. For instance, to locate a docx file, input /n UsersNameFolderfile.docx in the command prompt, specifying the actual user, folder, file names, and extensions.

Step 2. Conduct a targeted search for a specific file, like file.docx, in the user folder UsersNameFolder with the command winfr C: D: /n UsersNameFolderfile.docx. This command locates the deleted file in the C drive and saves it to the D drive.

Step 3. Specify multiple searches for different file types using commands like winfr C: D: /n *.docx /n *.xlsx /n *.pptx.

Step 4. Search for all Docx files on the C drive and copy them to the D drive with "winfr C: D: /n *.docx." Confirm each command with y.

Input the prompts and type in Y

Step 5. Access the recovered files in a "Recovery_[date and time]" directory on the designated drive.

Access the recovered files

🔍2. Signature Mode Recovery

Utilize the signature mode to find specific types of deleted files. Enter /x to activate the signature mode and /y: to list groups of file types to search for.

Step 1. For example, to recover deleted JPEG files on drive E and save them to D, use winfr E: D: /x /y:JPEG.

Step 2. For multiple file types like JPEGs, PDFs, and Word documents, run winfr E: D: /x /y:JPEG,PDF,ZIP.

Step 3. To view supported file types, use winfr /# command. Mastering both modes empowers users to navigate the intricacies of Windows File Recovery effectively.

Use the winfr command

🔍3. Segment mode Recovery

If the other modes fail in your file recovery quest, Segment mode is a powerful alternative with a mechanism similar to Default mode. To start Segment mode, which explores file record segments, introduce the /r parameter alongside /n.

Generally, constructing recovery commands for Segment mode is similar to the process for Default mode which needs you to simply add /r.

related articles

CMD File Recovery - Recover Deleted Files Using Command Prompt

This article will show you how to recover deleted files from USB using CMD (Command Prompt) or using EaseUS data recovery software to recover deleted files with a few clicks.

Recover Deleted Files Using Command Prompt

For instance, in order to retrieve all deleted MP3 files from your C: drive and transferring them to the D: drive. The command to execute this operation would be:

winfr C: D: /r /n *.mp3

In the event that a Default mode search doesn't work, a quick turn to Segment mode with the inclusion of /r may uncover the hidden files.

Input the prompts to recover files in Segment mode

This approach enhances the versatility of the recovery process, providing you with an additional tool to navigate the file retrieval process on Windows systems.

How to Download Windows File Recovery on Windows 10/11

Windows File Recovery doesn't come pre-installed on Windows 10 or 11; therefore, a manual download and installation are required before utilization.

Step 1. Enter Microsoft Store into the search box and select the top result.

Enter Microsoft Store

Step 2. Search for "Windows File Recovery" within the Microsoft Store and hit "Enter."

Search for file recovery windows

Step 3. Review the search results and click on "Get" to initiate the download and installation of the Windows File Recovery tool.

Click on get

Step 4. Once the installation is done, click "Open." If you prefer not to use the tool immediately, simply close the Microsoft Store.

Click height open

Step 5. If you want to use it later, access your "Start" menu and type Windows File Recovery.

Step 6. Select "Run as administrator" and confirm with "Yes" to permit User Account Control. This ensures smooth access to the tool when needed.

Final Thoughts

As we conclude this guide on how to use Windows File Recovery on Windows 10/11, you are now equipped with the expertise to recover lost files masterfully.

Throughout this guide, we've unveiled the essential steps, from the download process to executing commands in Default, Signature, and Segment modes.

Mastering this tool becomes crucial in case of accidental deletions or unforeseen system errors.

Harnessing the power of this tool ensures that you can confidently navigate the recovery process, securing your vital files on Windows 10/11 systems.

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How to Use Windows File Recovery FAQs

Check out the answers below to learn more about how to use Windows File Recovery tool:

1. How to use Windows Recovery?

To access Windows Recovery:

Step 1. Press the "Windows" key

Step 2. Type in Windows File Recovery in the search box.

Step 3. Select the corresponding option and grant permission for the app to make changes by choosing "Yes" when prompted.

There are three primary modes available for file recovery which are the Default Mode, Signature Mode, and Segment Mode.

2. How do I recover Windows files?

There are various methods to recover deleted files from your computer. These include:

  • Restoring deleted files with the Undo Delete feature.
  • Checking the Recycle Bin.
  • Utilizing File History.
  • Recovering files with the "Backup and Restore" feature.
  • Using the Command Prompt.
  • Utilizing the Windows File Recovery tool.
  • Using professional data recovery software like EaseUs Data Recovery Wizard.

3. What is the run command for Windows File Recovery?

Open Windows File Recovery by running the winfr command. Specify the target drive for the deleted file search, designate the destination for saving it, and configure switches that determine the tool's search parameters and methods. Ensure that the recovered file is saved to a different drive.

4. How do I use Windows File Recovery Recycle Bin?

Recovering a file from the Recycle Bin involves these steps:

Step 1. Double-click the "Recycle Bin" icon on your desktop.

Step 2. Locate the desired deleted files.

Step 3. Select the files to recover.

Step 4. Right-click on the selected files.

Step 5. Choose "Restore" to return files to their original location.

  • Updated by

    Brithny is a technology enthusiast, aiming to make readers' tech lives easy and enjoyable. She loves exploring new technologies and writing technical how-to tips. In her spare time, she loves sharing things about her game experience on Facebook or Twitter.…
  • Written by

    Jaden is one of the editors of EaseUS, who focuses on topics concerning PCs and Mac data recovery. Jaden is committed to enhancing professional IT knowledge and writing abilities. She is always keen on new and intelligent products.…
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