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How to Check Disk Errors in Windows 10

Posted on Jan 15, 2018 by Tracy King to Partition Master

Summary:
Try different ways to check disk errors in Windows 10, and fix primary hard disk performance issues and external hard drive not working problems caused by bad sectors, improper shutdown, malware, corruption, physical damage,etc.

Why Do You Check Disk Errors in Windows 10?

Your Windows 10 computer's primary hard drive or external hard drive that was connected with your Windows 10 computer may sometimes report errors. So checking hard drives, partitions for errors every once in a while can help determine what exact the errors are, you can then have them fixed without any hassle. Since Windows 10 disk errors aren't common, in addition, the causes vary from bad sectors, improper shutdowns, malware, corruption, physical damage, etc., it's demanded to have multiple ways to check disk errors in Windows 10

Altogether, we find five effective disk-error-checking methods for different demands. Choose any one of the five to fix Windows 10 primary computer's hard drive performance issues, or external hard drive (HDD/SSD)not working normally in Windows 10 computer.

Five Ways to Check Errors for Drive/Partition in Windows 10

Note that you must be signed in as an administrator to be able to run a scan to check a drive for errors, which some of the following methods may require do so.

1. Check drive status in Security and Maintenance

Open Control Panel -> click/tap on the Security and Maintenance icon -> expand open Maintenance -> look under Drive status. As the following screenshot shows, all drives are working properly. If any issues were found, the information would be changed with an option asking you to scan the drive.

check disk errors in Windows 10 in Security and Maintenance

2. Check drive for errors using drive tools in Properties

Open This PC in File Explorer -> right-click the HDD/SSD you want to scan -> click/tap on Properties -> click/tap on the Tools tab -> click/tap on the Check button under the top Error checking section -> Scan drive if wanted or Repair drive if errors were found -> when scan is finished, click/tap on the Show Details link to see the Chkdsk log in Event Viewer.

check disk errors in Windows 10 drive tool in Propertities

3. Check drive for errors using "chkdsk" in Command Prompt

Open an elevated command prompt or a command prompt at boot. In the command prompt, type the following command followed by one or more switches that you would like to use with a space between each switch, and press Enter.

Type command: chkdsk :

4. Check drive for errors using "Repair-Volume" in PowerShell

Open an elevated PowerShell, you got four options for which Repair-Volume command you want to use.

1) To scan and repair drive: type the command Repair-Volume -DriveLetter into PowerShell, press Enter, when finished, close PowerShell if you like.

2) To perform "OfflineScanAndFix" on Drive: type the command Repair-Volume -DriveLetter -OfflineScanAndFix, press Enter, when finished, close PowerShell if you like.

3) To Only Perform a Quick "Scan" of Drive: type the command Repair-Volume -DriveLetter -Scan into PowerShell, press Enter, when finished, close PowerShell if you like.

4) To Perform a "SpotFix" on Drive: type the command Repair-Volume -DriveLetter -SpotFix into PowerShell, press Enter, when finished, close PowerShell if you like.

5. Check drive for errors using third-party program

Free download the third-party free partition manager - EaseUS Partition Master, to identify and fix hard disk partition bad sectors, file system errors, and other disk errors in Windows 10.

1) Right-click a disk and a partition -> Check partition. In the Check Partition Box, you got three options to choose:

check disk errors in Windows 10

  • Check Partition Properties: for checking file system errors. 
  • Call Windows Chkdsk.exe to fix errors if there are errors; Call windows Scandisk application to fix these found errors. (Only for windows version)
  • Surface Test: Make detection of a disk or partition for sector errors. After the test completing, a report will be produced.

2) Click OK, the program starts running partition error checking.