How to Check Hard Disk Health Using CMD [Full Guide]

Updated by Cici on Jan 10, 2023
  | Computer Instruction

Maintaining your hard drive's health is crucial to your computer's overall functioning. If your hard drive fails, you may lose vital data and experience severe downtime. That is why it is critical to check the health of your hard drive regularly to ensure that it is in good shape. One way to keep an eye on the hard disk's health is to use Windows's built-in command line tool, CMD or Command Prompt

This guide will teach you how to check hard disk health using CMD. By following the instructions in this post, you should be able to recognize any potential problems with the drive and take the appropriate steps before it's too late.

How to Check Hard Disk Health Using CMD

Command Prompt, simplified as CMD in Windows, is a command line interface similar to Terminal in Linux, allowing users to execute various commands via the shell. CHKDSK, which stands for Check Disk, is a crucial CMD command.

In essence, CHKDSK, as the name implies, examines the disc for potential problems by scanning for flaws and recommending remedies, even correcting them in most situations. Follow the steps below to use the CHKDSK command from the Command Line to assess the health of your hard disk on a computer running the Windows operating system.

Step 1: Launch CMD, the Command Prompt, or the Windows Terminal with Administrative Privileges. Search for it in the Start Search Box. Right-click the main listed result and choose "Run as Administrator."

Launch Command Prompt with Admin Privilages

Step 2: Type in CHKDSK and press Enter. Windows will now examine your basic file system structure, name linkage, and security descriptors and let you know any possible problems.

Running CHKDSK Command to check Disk Health

Step 3. You can also use CHKDSK inside CMD to fix errors on the disk. Instead of simply typing in CHKDSK, type in CHKDSK /f /r/x and press Enter.


To know more about the CHKDSK command, click the button below to learn more details:

For new users unfamiliar with scripts or the Windows operating system, the Command Prompt and its shell can be overwhelming. If you prefer not to use the Command Prompt or want to check the health of your computer's hard drive with a different technique, move forward!

How to Check Hard Disk Health Using CMD Alternative

Now, let's explore an alternative way to CHKDSK on Windows. While the Command Prompt is an effective way to monitor the health of your hard disk, users may prefer a more intuitive, user-friendly method with a graphical user interface and additional built-in functions; this is where a third-party software, EaseUS Partition Master, fits in. 

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

The EaseUS Partition Master is a reliable alternative to CMD's CHKDSK for evaluating the health of your hard drive. You can run disk surface test to examine your hard disc's health and discover faulty sectors.

Step 1. Open EaseUS Partition Master. Right-click the disk that you want to check, and then click "Surface Test".

Step 2. The operation will be immediately performed and all bad sectors will be marked as red.

What Else Can EaseUS Partition Master Do?

EaseUS Partition Master is a great tool to check disk and partition errors and it has more features related to disk partition problems: 

If you have any disk or partition problems, you can resort to EaseUS Partition Master, and you won't regret to download it!

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure


Ultimately, it becomes highly critical to monitor the health of your hard disk regularly to have peace of mind regarding your data and confirm that it is performing on the right track.Command Prompt's CHKDSK is excellent for testing the health of your hard disk. Still, EaseUS Partition Master is a highly recommended alternative with a more user-friendly interface and additional functionality.

EaseUS Partition Master not only checks the health of your hard disk but also provides disk management capabilities such as partition resizing and disk cloning. EaseUS Partition Master is a dependable and convenient tool for running your hard disk smoothly.

Free Download 

Windows 11/10/8/7100% Secure

FAQ of Check Hard Disk Health Using CMD

Let's look at some frequently asked questions concerning this process to get more information and troubleshooting tips.

1. How Do I Check My Hard Drive's Health?

You can download EaseUS's Partition Wizard or use the CHKDSK command with the Command Prompt. Here's how you can check your hard drive's health using the CHKDSK command.

Step 1. Right-click the Windows icon in the Taskbar and select Command Prompt (Admin) or Terminal (Admin).

Step 2. On the terminal, type CHKDSK and press Enter. Windows will now examine your computer's hard drives for faults and notify you of any that it finds.

2. How to check SSD health on CMD?

To check the health of your Solid State Drive (SSD), use the WIMC command, which is comparable to CHKDSK. WIMC, which stands for Windows Management Instrumentation Command-line, is a command-line interface for Windows.

Step 1. Open the Run Dialog, hit the Win + R keys on the keyboard, then type cmd, press Enter, or click the Run button.

Step 2. Now, in the command line, type wmic and press Enter. Then, type diskdrivegetsstatus, and press Enter.

If you see Status OK, the drive is in good working order. You might need to repair your disc drive if you detect anything else.

3. Can HDD health be repaired?

In limited instances, running CHKDSK with the "/f" flag may be capable of restoring the health of an HDD by scanning the drive for problems and attempting to correct them. However, if the damage to the HDD is extensive, it may not be repairable, and you will need to substitute the hard drive.

Was This Page Helpful?


NEW Released


Get It

EaseUS Data Recovery Services

Request a free evaluation >>

EaseUS data recovery experts have uneaqualed expertise to repair disks/systems and salvage data from all devices like RAID, HDD, SSD, USB, etc.