What Is Malware & Tips to Avoid Malware on Your Computer

Tracy King updated on Feb 22, 2023 | Home > Knowledge Center

When talking about malware, many people say that they hate it. But some people still don't know more about it. Malware can destroy your computer system and make your data unsafe. So, knowing comprehensively about the malware and finding out the ways to prevent its intrusion is a must-do thing.

what is malware

What Is Malware?

Malware (malicious software) is a catch-all term telling all types of intrusive programs which are purposely designed by cybercriminals to destroy or exploit computer systems, Windows services, networks, or even to steal and sell users' private information. Malicious software contains viruses, worms, Trojan horses, spyware, adware, and ransomware, which are similar to the viruses in the medical field and will have a bad impact on your computer's normal function. There are many reasons why malware attacks your computer. Hackers intrude on your PC to steal your data for money; some just want to sabotage your PC and make it break down, or many others desire to reach a goal that is harmful to other people. Malware is one of the banes of cybercrimes, so all of you must know detailed information about it. When you encounter malware, you will know how to deal with it. If you long for more details, keep reading.

How to Protect Your PC Against Malware?

There is no doubt that the most efficient way to avoid malware is to prevent your computer from being infected all the time. Of course, such an aim is hard to reach. So, you need some effective methods to cope with this issue. The most common way to prevent malware is to apply anti-malware or antivirus software. It will help you a lot. However, besides this way, many other choices are provided here for you. They are surely conducive to prohibiting your device from infection. Read the following items, you will know the details.

Reduction of the Attack Surface

When you work on your computer, you should minimize the systems, applications, and ports exposed to the internet to lower the risk of encountering malicious software.

User Education

Because most of the malware intrudes on your computer through spam and emails, you should be cautious about these links. You'd better not randomly click these links even if they look like authentic In this way, you can also know how malware attacks appear through insider threats.


Detecting malicious software is a necessity for users because only when you detect it, you can find a way to fix it. You should regularly update your antivirus software to improve its detection function, as some malware is difficult to detect. You should try to detect your computer to make sure that there is no virus hidden on it.

Data backup and encryption

Data security is one of the most concerning issues for computer users, for lots of personal data is saved on a PC. Therefore, protecting your data on a PC is a great way to avoid malware attacks. To ensure data security, you can back up your data and file, encrypt them, or set a password. After you complete these steps, your computer will be at low risk and it is difficult for malware to intrude on your device and damage your system.


From all the above, you have seen the specific description of malware. You know what it is and how it works. So, it is apparent to see its bad effect. Fortunately, effective methods to prevent malware infection have been shown, and you can select one of them when your computer encounters any intrusion of malware. I hope you can benefit from this article.

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Updated by Daisy

Daisy is the Senior editor of the writing team for EaseUS. She has been working in EaseUS for over ten years, starting from a technical writer to a team leader of the content group. As a professional author for over 10 years, she writes a lot to help people overcome their tech troubles.

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Written by Tracy King

Tracy joined in EaseUS in 2013 and has been working with EaseUS content team for over 10 years. Being enthusiastic in computing and technology, she writes tech how-to articles and share technical solutions to resolve Windows & Mac data recovery, data backup, partition management, data transfer, Windows update issues, etc.

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