Fix Slow USB Transfer Speed and Improve USB Speed on Windows 10/8/7

Tracy King updated on Sep 17, 2019 to Resource | How-to Articles

Summary

It's quite annoying when your USB transfer speed is extremely slow and you have a large size of files to transfer. To get your trouble off, we will show you the effective ways to vastly speed up your USB transfer. If you get your data lost during data transfer, recover your files immediately using EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard.

USB Transfer Speed Is Extremely Slow, How to Make It Faster?

"Does anyone know how to fix slow transfer speed from a USB flash drive? I got an extremely slow USB transfer speed when I tried to transfer files (about 2GB of files) from my computer to the USB drive. I waited for 2hours, but the transferring process was still at 15%. This was too slow. So I stopped the progress and tried again. Still, the same transferring speed on the USB drive. So how to make the file transferring speed faster? If you know the way, please let me know. Thank you."

"USB transfer speed slow" is one of the commonest issues that may be encountered by users. Generally, the USB transfer speed depends on three factors:

  • The transfer speed of the USB port
  • The read speed of the source device
  • The write speed of the target device

Thus, if you want to increase the USB transfer speed, you can work from two directions: the transfer speed of the USB port and the read/write speed of the storage devices.

Tip
Idealy speaking, USB 2.0 has a maximum transfer speed of 35MB per second and USB 3.0 400MB per second. If you find the transfer speed of your USB is substantially slower than the peak. You should consider improving it.

6 Ways to Speed Up USB Transfer

To make the file transfer on your USB much faster, the most useful method is to improve the transfer speed of your USB port. Based on our experience, there are three ways to help to increase the transfer speed of a USB port. If you think USB 3.0 is slow on Windows 10, these tips will be of great help to you.

Method 1. Connect the USB to Rear Port (for Desktop User Only)

When you transfer files between a desktop and a USB, it's highly likely you connect your USB to one of the front ports on the computer. If you want to speed up your USB transfer speed immediately, connect your USB flash drive to one of the rear ports instead.

Why inserting the USB to a rear port can increase the transfer speed? The rear ports are soldered on the motherboard of your computer. They run off the Intel chipset directly. While the front ports are connected to your motherboard via a cable or something alike. And the front ports run off the add-on chip on the board. Thus, the rear ports have a faster transfer speed than the front ones. If you think it's inconvenient to connect to your USB flash drive to the back of your computer, use a USB hub has the same effect to speed up your USB transfer.

Besides, the rear ports provide a more stable power supply than the front ones. Therefore, connecting an external storage device to the rear port may be helpful to solve problems like "please insert a disk into removable disk", "external hard drive light blinking but not working", and more.

Method 2. Update USB/Chipset Drivers

If you are using a laptop, the USB port you are using is usually connected to the chipset. Thus, if you want to want to solve the problem of "USB transfer speed slow", you can try to update the USB driver or the chipset driver.

To update USB driver:

  • Step 1: Make sure your USB is connected. Right-click "This PC" and go to "Manage" > "Device Manager".
  • Step 2: Expand "Disk Drives". Right-click your USB flash drive and choose "Update driver".
  • Step 3: In the new window, choose "Scan automatically for updated driver software".

How to speed up USB transfer - update USB driver

To update chipset driver:

  • Step 1: Make sure your USB is connected. Right-click "This PC" and go to "Manage" > "Device Manager".
  • Step 2: Expand "System devices" and double-click the Intel chipset device in the list. 
  • Step 3: Switch to the "Driver" tab and click "Update Driver".

How to speed up USB transfer - Update chipset driver

Method 3. Enable USB 3.0 Port

Generally, the USB 3.0 port is enabled by default. If your USB transfer speed is slow, you should have a check at whether the option is on. 

  • Step 1: Enter BIOS. Restart your computer and hold down the BIOS key simultaneously. Then you will get into the BIOS menu. (The BIOS keys vary depending on your computer manufacturer. Generally, it's "DEL" key, F2 or F10.)
  • Step 2: In BIOS, use the arrow keys (left and right) to choose the "Advanced" tab.
  • Step 3: Then use the arrows keys (up and down) to choose "USB Configuration" and hit "Enter".
  • Step 4: If you see the option "USB 3.0 (or 2.0) Support" is disabled, use the arrow keys to choose it and hit "Enter".
  • Step 5: In the "Options" window, select "Enabled" and press "Enter".
  • Step 6: Press "F10" to save the changes and exit BIOS. Then your computer will boot into Windows as normal.

If the USB support option is previously disabled, turning it on will greatly speed up your USB transfer.

The three tips above serve to improve the transfer speed of the USB port and thus further increase your USB transfer speed. The next three methods work to speed up your USB. (Caution. The last two methods below will erase the existing files on your USB flash drive. You should deliberate over the decision to operate.)

Method 4. Optimize the Performance of the USB

By optimizing the performance of your USB flash drive, you may have the chance to make its transfer speed faster.

  • Step 1: Right-click on the "Windows" icon and select "Device Manager".
  • Step 2: Expand "Disk drives" in Device Manager, find your USB device, right-click on your USB device and choose "Properties".
  • Step 3: Go to the "Policies" tab, check "Better performance", then click "OK" to confirm that you want to optimize and improve your USB transfer speed.

Improve USB with faster transfer speed.

After this, you can reboot your computer and then you should be able to use your USB drive and get a faster transfer speed by then.

Method 5. Convert FAT32 to NTFS

Compared between FAT32 and NTFS file systems, it seems that devices with NTFS work faster and more efficient for file transfer. So if your USB drive is FAT32 now, you can consider converting FAT32 to NTFS to increase your USB transfer speed. 

However, this operation will erase all the files on your device. Thus, back up the files on your USB flash drive with free backup software - EaseUS Todo Backup, which is much faster than making a backup by copying files, before the converting process. Then follow the guide on how to convert USB from FAT32 to NTFS with EaseUS Partition Master, the free partition manager software, or follow the steps below to convert USB from FAT32 to NTFS with CMD command line.

  • Step 1: Click on "Start" and enter cmd.
  • Step 2: Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".
  • Step 3: Type convert E: /fs:ntfs and hit "Enter". (Replace E: with the drive letter of your USB drive.)
Click to copy

Method 6. Format USB

If your USB drive is NTFS already, you can directly format the USB flash drive to gain a faster transfer speed. Similar to converting the file system of the USB, formatting the device will also remove the existing files on the device. Remember to back up your USB in advance.

  • Step 1: Connect USB to your PC and open "This PC".
  • Step 2: Locate and right-click on USB flash drive, then select "Format".
  • Step 3: Set the file system to "NTFS" and click "Start", click "OK" to complete the format process after the formatting.

How to speed up USB transfer - format USB

After this, you'll get a fast and efficient USB flash drive for file transfer.

Extra Tip: How to Recover Lost Data from USB

If you have lost some files during the data transfer process or the fixing on your USB or computer, you can use the disk recovery software - EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard to retrieve your precious data. This reliable tool will help you get back data lost due to deletion, formatting, virus attack, OS crash, and more from computers and external storage devices like USB, memory card, and external hard drive.

To recover lost data from a USB:

Step 1. Connect USB to your PC and run USB data recovery software.

  • Connect the USB flash drive on which your files to your computer and launch EaseUS USB data recovery software - Data Recovery Wizard on your PC.
  • Select your USB drive under External Devices and click Scan to start finding your lost files.
Select USB to scan and find lost files.

Step 2. Scan to find all lost files from USB.

  • EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard will thoroughly scan your USB flash drive and find all your lost data on it.
Scan USB drive to find lost files.

Step 3. Restore all lost files from USB.

  • After the scanning process, you can check and preview found USB files in this program.
  • "Deleted Files" is for you to find deleted files. And "Lost Partition Files" is quick access to find formatted data.
  • Double-click the files to preview and choose available ones, click "Recover" to save them to a secure location on your PC or other external storage devices
Restore lost USB data.

The Bottom Line

Nowadays, most users use the USB 3.0 port, which has a maximum transfer speed of 400MB per second. However, the real transfer speed is much lower than that, which is quite frustrating. Honestly speaking, when your USB transfer speed is slow, the most effective way to boost the transfer speed is to improve the transfer speed of the USB port. If you are still using USB 2.0, it's a good choice to switch to USB 3.0 instead.

 
 

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