How to Use CHKDSK to Fix the Corruption Problem Windows 10

Jean updated on Sep 16, 2019 to Resource | How-to Articles

Summary

When you attempt to shrink a partition in Windows 10/8/7, you may receive an error message saying "The volume you have selected to shrink may be corrupted. Use Chkdsk to fix the corruption problem, and then try to shrink the volume again." Don't worry. There are two effective solutions for you to cope with the issue. If there is data loss after the fix, you can retrieve your data using EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard.

Error: The Volume You Have Selected to Shrink May Be Corrupted

When you try to shrink a partition in Disk Management in Window 10/8/7, one of the errors you may encounter is "The volume you have selected to shrink may be corrupted. Use Chkdsk to fix the corruption problem, and then try to shrink the volume again." When such error occurs, you are unable to shrink your partition unless you use Chkdsk to fix the corruption problem.

Why does this issue occur?

Actually, when Windows reports the partition you selected may be corrupted, it indicates that there are file system errors on the selected partition, be it DBR (DOS Boot Record) corruption, $MFT (Master File Table) corruption, or FAT (File Allocation Table) corruption.

How to solve the problem?

When you are faced with the issue, you have two solutions for you. One of them will certainly help you shrink a partition in Windows successfully.

2 Solutions to the Volume You Have Selected to Shrink May Be Corrupted in Windows 10/8/7

The file system errors mentioned above can be easily fixed using Chkdsk. Chkdsk, also chkdsk.exe, is a Windows utility that can be used to check and repair disk errors like file system errors and logical bad sectors. Thus, your primary choice is to run Chkdsk on the partition you want to shrink. If that fails to work, you can try an alternative way to shrink a partition in Windows 10/8/7, which skips the problem but helps to achieve your goal of resizing your partition.

Method 1. Use Chkdsk to Fix the Corruption Problem

You have multiple choices to run CHKDSK in Windows 10, including from Command Prompt, This PC and installation disc. But it's unnecessary to use the installation disk since it's much more complicated than the other two ways. Here we will show you how to run Chkdsk in Command Prompt. (Chkdsk is commonly used to fix a corrupted micro SD card, USB flash drive, )

Step 1. Press the "Windows" key and type cmd.

Step 2. Right-click "Command Prompt" and choose "Run as administrator".

Step 3. Enter the following command:

Click to copy

  • "e" means the drive letter of the partition you want to repair;
  • chkdsk /f is running to fix any found errors;
  • chkdsk /r is running to locate for bad sectors and recover any readable information;
  • chkdsk /x is running to force the volume you're about to check to be dismounted before the utility begins a scan.

Step 4. In case of possible system file corruption, you are recommended to run the System File Checker tool to repair missing or corrupted system files after running Chdksk.

Click to copy

After fixing the corruption problem, you can now retry to shrink the partition in Disk Management.

If you don't have any technical know-how and want to minimize data risks, using third-party software could be a better choice. The Command line is suitable for computer professionals since wrong commands can cause severe problems. Therefore, we strongly recommend you to try an automatic command line alternative.

EaseUS Tools M is a practical computer fixing tool that is safe and light-weighted. It's a perfect alternative to CHKDSK command. Use this one-click tool to solve your computer issues.

To fix file system error or disk error:

Step 1: DOWNLOAD EaseUS Tools M for Free and install it.

Step 2: Open the software and select "File Fixing" on the left pane. 

On the right pane, choose the drive and check off the box at the bottom - "Check and fix file system error". Then, click "Fix" to start repairing the error.

Step 3: Wait until the operation completes. Wait until the operation completes. After the operation completes, click the "View" button to check the drive. 

select the drive and check off file system error

Method 2. Shrink Partition in Windows 10/8/7 Using Alternative Way

In most of the cases, Chkdsk and System File Checker will help you fix "The volume you have selected may be corrupted. Use Chkdsk to fix the corruption problem, and then shrink the volume again." However, there are situations in which Chkdsk shows no violations. That's when you can use Disk Management alternatives to help you shrink a partition.

The reliable partition tool - EaseUS Partition Wizard does more than Disk Management can do. With it, you can not only use Chkdsk to fix the corruption problem without using Command Prompt but also resize your partition by extending or shrinking without receiving the error message saying "the volume you have selected may be corrupted". For the detailed guide, refer to the article about how to shrink Windows 10 partition.

How to Recover Data Deleted by Chkdsk

Generally, using Chkdsk to fix the corruption problem won't cause data loss on your partition. If Chkdsk removed important data on the drive during the fix, you can recover the lost data using the hard drive recovery software - EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard.

Step 1. Select a location and start scanning.

Launch EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard, hover on the partition, external hard drive, USB, or memory card where you want to perform erased data recovery, and then click "Scan".

select a location and click scan

Step 2. Select the files you want to recover.

When the scanning has finished, select the deleted files you want to recover. Double-click the file to preview its content if you need to.

Choose files to recover

Step 3. Recover lost data.

After choosing the data, click "Recover" and choose a location on another drive to save the deleted data.

Recover lost data

The Bottom Line

Don't be threatened by the error message saying the volume you have selected to shrink may be corrupted. Using Chkdsk can fix the corruption problem easily. Even if Chkdsk doesn't work, you still have an alternative choice to shrink your partition successfully.

 
 

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Frequently Asked Questions

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A file is saved as 2 parts on the storage device: directory info (which is comprised by file name, time stamp and size info, etc.) and data content.

If the files with original file names and folder structures cannot be opened, one possible reason is the corrupted directory info. There is still a chance to recover the data content with the RAW Recovery method in our software.

4. Why isn't it suggested to recover the files back to the original drive?

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The Free version helps you save 2GB files to better verify the recovery quality of our product before purchase.

6. How long does it take to scan the drive?

It strongly depends on the capacity of your hard drive and the performance of your computer. As reference,most drive recoveries can be completed in around 10 to 12 hours for a 1-TB healthy hard drive in general conditions.

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