Sometimes, when you plugged in an external hard drive, USB flash drive, SD card or some other storage devices into your computer runs Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista or some other previous versions, Windows prompts error message: "Drive H:\ is not accessible. The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable." If you check the file system of the device, you are likely to find that it is RAW file system. When location is not available error with "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" message happens, you can not access your device and might end up with huge data loss at most times. To avoid the disaster, you may be interested in how to recover data from a corrupted or inaccessible hard drive.
So, you might ask why "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" error occurs in Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista and how to solve this issue. Actually. Here we list four common reasons. Hope it is helpful to avoid this error.
Cause 1. MFT or FAT corruption
MFT is short for Master File Table and is included in NTFS file system. It contains all the information about a file such as file size, creation time, and access permissions. Like MFT, FAT (File Allocation Table) is included in FAT file system. It tells operating system where the file is store. Thus FAT or Master File Table corrupted will make system won't be able to access data from the NTFS or FAT partitions.
Cause 2. Virus infection
When your computers, USB flash drive, memory card get infected with virus, the file system might be corrupted and finally the device become inaccessible. Then "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" error happens.
Cause 3. Physical issues
Hard drive, USBs, flash drive or memory card can be corrupted on account of bad sectors which are no longer accessible or writable due to permanent damage. Partition information such as file system usually saved on specific location. If this location includes bad sectors then the operating system will fail to access data. Then you'll get "The file or directory is corrupted or unreadable" error message.
Cause 4. USB drives are not safely removed from PC
If you unplug a removable disk from computer without using Safely Remove while the drive is transferring or reading data, you will risk losing vital files system information. This is one of the most common reasons for "The file or directory is corrupted or unreadable" error.
After introducing the Symptom and causes of "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" error, next we will talk about how to fix this issue in Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista without losing data. Here you should take three steps:
Checking and repairing disk errors and file system can fix "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" error caused by bad sectors, virus infection or file system corruption. You can do it using Chkdsk command line in CMD or EaseUS partition tool.
To repair corrupted file system and retrieve files using CMD:
1.Click on Start --> Run --> Type cmd and press Enter to open cmd command Command Prompt.
2.Enter the below command: chkdsk /f h: --> Press Enter. (Here h is the drive with which you have problem)
To check and repair disk error with EaseUS partition tool
In some special cases, Chkdsk might not work as well as expected. When it happens, you can try EaseUS partition tool to check and repair disk error, bad sectors or corrupted file system.
1. Launch EaseUS partition tool and right-click the partition that you want to check by clicking “Check partition”.
2. Choose the way that you want to use to check partition: "Check Partition Properties", "Call Windows Chkdsk to fix errors", "Surface Test".
3. Let EaseUS Partition Master automatically check hard disk partition errors and repair errors for you. Click "OK" to finish the process.
If you can't fix "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" error by checking and repairing disk errors and file system, you can choose to recover your data, and then format the disk for reuse. EaseUS free data recovery software is recommended. Being able to recover data from hard drive with bad sectors, virus, corrupted file system or deleted/damaged unreadable file directory, it is the best solution to fix "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" issue in Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista without losing data.
For a detailed guide, please refer to: how to recover data from the file or directory is corrupted or unreadable error
After retrieving all your data, you can use EaseUS partition software to format the disk to fix "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" error. It sopports all Windows versions like Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista.
1. Connect the disk you want to format to PC, launch EaseUS partition tool, right-click the disk and choose "Format partition".
2. A mini window pops out, on which you can edit the partition label and choose a file system.
3. Click "Apply" to confirm to format the disk to fix "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" error.
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